Data source: Cheke et al. (2001), p. 283. Range values provided here; see Cheke et al. (2001) for means, standard deviations, and sample sizes.
|Attribute||C. p. pulchellus, male||C. p. pulchellus, female||C. p. melanogastrus, male||C. p. melanogastrus, female|
|Tail with elongations||74-131 mm
|No data*||41 mm**
|Tail without elongations||39-44 mm
|No data*||No data*|
* Attribute measurements for this group not provided in Cheke et al. (2001).
** Sample size ≤ 3 individuals.
Note on mass: Male C.p. pulchellus significantly heavier than females (Cheke et al. 2001).
Notes on length measurements given by Cheke et al. (2001)
Body and wings (Winkler et al. 2015, and as noted)
Legs and feet
C. p. pulchellus
C. p. melanogastrus
Molting (Cheke et al. 2001)
Sexual dichromatism (Cheke and Mann 2008)
Long tails in males (Cheke and Mann 2008)
Similar species (Cheke et al. 2001; Sinclair and Ryan 2010)
For images, visit The Internet Bird Collection.
Digestion and excretion
Breeding plumage of an adult male Beautiful Sunbird, Cinnyris pulchellus.
Adult males are distinguished by a red breast band, bordered by yellow on each side, and iridescent green plumage. This male's 'tail streamers' (elongated tail feathers) extend beyond the edge of the photograph.
Image details: Taken 01 August 2007 in Gambia.
Plumage of a juvenile Beautiful Sunbird, Cinnyris pulchellus.
This duller plumage helps younger males and adult females, which have similar coloration, be less conspicuous.
Image details: Taken 29 April 2008 in Gambia.