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Collared Lemur (Eulemur collaris) Fact Sheet: Diet & Feeding

Diet

  • Primarily eat fruit (from Donati et al. 2007a unless otherwise noted)
    • Prefer ripe fruits
      • Unripe fruits make up significantly smaller portions of the diet
        • c. 4-5 % of total consumption (Donati et al. 2007a; Donati et al. 2011a)
    • Dietary diversity
      • Diet varied; includes as many as 120 plant species
        • Species representative of 45 families
      • Time of day influences dietary intake
        • Certain food items eaten only in daylight or at night
        • Individuals tend to feed in lower forest layers in daytime
          • Exploit the upper canopy and emergent trees more often at night
    • Water content in food is high
      • Water accounts for c. 73% of fresh weight in all food items
  • Other food sources (from Donati et al. 2007a unless otherwise noted)
    • Flowers
      • Consistently taken throughout the year
      • Accounts for c. 14% of dietary intake; proportionally greater in some seasons (Campera et al. 2014; Donati et al. 2007a)
    • Leaves
    • Invertebrates
      • Intake minimal throughout the year
      • Typically accounts for <3% of total consumption each month
  • Important plant species
    • Species targeted for fruit
      • Uapaca ferruginea and U. littoralis (Donati et al. 2007a; Donati et al. 2011a)
      • Syzigium spp (Donati et al. 2007a)
      • Canarium boivinii (Donati et al. 2011a)
      • Olea sp. (Donati et al. 2011a)
    • Species targeted for leaves and/or flowers
      • Cynometra cloiselii (flowers, fruit, leaves) (Donati et al. 2007a; Donati et al. 2011a)
      • Ravenala madagascariensis (flowers) (Donati et al. 2007a; Donati et al. 2011a)
      • Brexia madagascariensis (flowers) (Campera et al. 2014; Donati et al. 2011a)

Collared Lemur Eating

a collared lemur eating

Elevenses. Collared lemur eating at the Cotswold Wildlife Park, Madagascan Walkthrough. Image credit: © Stuart Richards at  Flickr. Some rights reserved.

Page Citations

Campera et al. (2014)
Donati et al. (2007a)
Donati et al. (2011a)

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