Skip to main content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Collared Lemur (Eulemur collaris) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Population Status

  • Global population
    • No published estimates
  • Regional population density (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014)
    • Littoral forests of Mandena and Sainte Luce
      • Live in relatively high density
      • 74-139 individuals/km2 (192-360 individuals/mi2)
    • Midongy du Sud
      • 14 individuals/km2 (36 individuals/mi2)
    • Andoahela National Park and Tsitongambarika
      • 8-11 individuals/km2 (21-28 individuals/mi2)

Conservation Status

  • IUCN status (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014)
    • Endangered
      • Suspected to have undergone 50% decline in population
        • Likely occurred over a period of 24 years (3 generations)
    • Classification history
      • Listed as vulnerable 1990-2000
  • CITES status
    • Appendix I

Threats to Survival

  • Habitat loss (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014)
    • Loss of total area and decline in quality
      • Driven primarily by charcoal production and slash-and-burn agriculture
      • Also impacted by ilmenite mining
  • Hunted and trapped by humans (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014)
    • Unsustainable levels of hunting
      • Primarily caught in traps
    • Captured for the local pet trade

    Management Actions

    • Populations within protected areas (from Mittermeier et al. 2010)
      • Occurs within 2 national parks
        • Andohahela and Midongy du Sud
      • Present in some special and private reserves
        • Tsitongambarika Forest Protected Area (G. Donati, personal communication)
        • Kalambatritra Special Reserve
        • Sainte Luce Private Reserve
        • Mandena Conservation Zone
        • Berenty Private Reserve
          • Introduced population that has hybridized with Eulemur rufus
    • Translocated population (from Donati et al. 2007b)
      • Relocation undertaken to avoid local extinction
        • Population within a remnant forest threatened by charcoal making
        • 28 individuals moved within Mandena Conservation Zone in 2000 and 2001
          • Followed the establishment of a protected region within the forest

    Eulemur collaris in the Wild

    a Collared Lemur

    Eulemur collaris.

    Image credit: © Matthias Markolf at Flickr. All rights reserved. Reproduced with permission from the artist.

    Page Citations

    Andriaholinirina et al. (2014)
    Donati et al. (2007b)
    Mittermeier et al. (2010)

    SDZG Library Links