|Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta africana)||Forest Elephant (L. cyclotis)|
|Bull (male)||Cow (female)||Bull (male)||Cow (female)|
|Body Weight||4,000-6,300 kg (8,818-13,889 lbs)||2,400-3,500 kg (5,291-7,716 lb)||2,700-6,000 kg (5,952-13,228 lb)*||2,700-6,000 kg (5,952-13,228 lb)*|
|Shoulder Height||4 m (13 ft )||2.2 - 2.6 m (7.2-8.5 ft)||2.4 – 2.8 m (8-9 ft)||1.8 - 2.4 m (5.9-7.9 ft)|
|* Size similar to that of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)|
Head and facial features
Distinguishing features of savannah and forest elephants
Elephant trunks are used for lifting heavy objects, snorkeling in water, and communicating through touch. A trunk can reach up to 6.5 feet in length and weigh as much as 440 pounds. These helpful appendages are formed by a fusion of the nose and upper lip. Eight muscles on either side give the animals great dexterity.
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
Grubb & Groves (2000)
Heffner & Heffner (1980)
Vaughn et al. (2010)