African Wild Ass (Equus africanus)
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Equus africanus - Heuglin & Fitzinger 1866
[Species: Equus asinus - domestic donkey]
Species: Equus africanus - African wild ass
Subspecies: Equus africanus africanus
Body Weight: 275 kg (606 lbs)
Head/Body Length: 200 cm (6.6 ft)
Tail Length: 42 cm (17 in)
Pelage: Short smooth gray or brown
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Habitat: African wild asses - arid and semi-arid shrub or grassland. Domestic and feral donkeys - tolerate hot, arid conditions but adapt to many climates and environments.
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered (2014 assessment) (Moehlman et al. 2015)
CITES Appendix: Appendix I (excludes domesticated form)
Population in Wild: African wild ass; 23-200 mature individuals (possibly 200 more individuals with additional sampling).
Locomotion: Walk, trot, canter, jump, gallop, swim
Activity Cycle: Graze until late afternoon; rest in heat of day
Social Groups: Small, unstable groups of females and young with one or more stallions; vary according to resources present
Diet: Grasses, bark, leaves, shrubs
Predators: In western U.S., mountain lions and humans
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Males by 2 years; females by 1.5 years but don't usually breed until 2-3 years.
Gestation: 1 year
Litter Size: Usually one; two rarely
Birth weight: 25 kg (55 lb)
Age at Weaning: 12-14 mo.
Longevity: 20 years in wild; 47 years for domestic
© 2009-2018 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated 2015. Population estimates updated Nov 2018.
How to cite: African Wild Ass (Equus africanus) Fact Sheet. c2009-2018. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ africanwildass.
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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