Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
Species: Elephas maximus
Subspecies: E.m. maximus, E.m. Indicus,
Trunk: One "finger" at the end
Tusks: Females tuskless; percentages of tuskless males in populations vary widely (0 to 100%)
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Indian subcontinent, Continental Southeast Asia, and Asian islands
Habitat: Tropical & subtropical moist broadleaf forests & dry broadleaf & dry scrub forests
IUCN Status: Endangered (2008 assessment) (Choudhury et al. 2008)
CITES Appendix: Appendix I (UNEP 2019)
Population in Wild: Best estimate is approximately 46,000 individuals.
Activity Cycle: Diurnal and nocturnal; feeding & traveling to food 70-90% of the time
Social Groups: Matriarchal herds of 8-12; males solitary
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Age of Sexual Maturity:
Gestation: 22 months
Litter Size: Usually 1; twins possible
Birth weight: 75-115 kg (165-254 lbs)
Age at Weaning: 18 mos.-3+ years.
© 2008-2019 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated 2019. Global population estimate updated Nov 2018.
How to cite: Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) Fact Sheet. c2008-2019. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ asianelephant.
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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