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Dwarf Crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis) Fact Sheet: Bibliography

Bibliography

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Eaton MJ. 2004. 2nd Annual Report on the WCS Central African Crocodile Research Program: Congo and Gabon. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

Eaton M, Martin C, Thorbjarnarson J, Amato G. 2009. Species-level diversification of African Dwarf Crocodiles (Genus Osteolaemus): a geographic and phylogenetic perspective. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 50(3):496-506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2008.11.009

Eaton M. 2010a. African Dwarf Crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis). In: Manolis C, Stebenson C, editors. Crocodiles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Darwin: IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. p. 127-132.

Eaton MJ, Meyers GL, Kolokotronis SO, Leslie MS, Martin AP, Amato G. 2010b. Barcoding bushmeat: Molecular identification of Central African and South American harvested vertebrates. Conservation Genetics 11:1389–1404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-009-9967-0

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Franke FA, Schmidt F, Borgwardt C, Bernhard D, Bleidorn C, Engelmann WE, Schlegel M. 2013. Genetic differentiation of the African dwarf crocodile Osteolaemus tetraspis Cope, 1861 (Crocodylia: Crocodylidae) and consequences for European zoos. Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 13(2):255–266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13127-012-0107-1

Frey E, Salisbury S. 2001. The kinematics of aquatic locomotion in Osteolaemus tetraspis Cope. In: Grigg G, Seebacher F, Franklin C, editors. Crocodilian biology and evolution. Chipping Norton (AU): Surrey Beatty and Sons. p. 165-179.

Green R, Braun EL, Armstrong J, Earl D, Nguyen N, Hickey G, Vandewege MW, St. John JA, Capella-Gutierrez S, Castoe TA, et al. 2014. Three crocodilian genomes reveal ancestral patterns of evolution among archosaurs. Science. 346(6215):1254449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1254449

Grigg GC, Kirshner D. 2015. Biology and Evolution of Crocodylians. CSIRO, Clayton South, VIC (AU).

Groombridge B. 1982. The IUCN Amphibia-Reptilia Red Data Book. Part 1. Testudines, Crocodylia, Thynochocephalia. Gland (CH): IUCN.

Guggisberg C. 1972. Crocodiles: their natural history, folklore and conservation. London (GB): Harrisburg Stackpole Books. 195 p.

Hara K, Kikuchi F. 1978. Breeding the West African Dwarf Crocodile at Ueno Zoo, Tokyo. International Zoo Yearbook. 18:84-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1090.1978.tb00226.x

Hekkala ER, Shirley MH, Amato G, Austin JD, Charter S, Thorbjarnarson JB, Vliet KA, Houck ML, Desalle R, Blum MJ. 2011. An ancient icon reveals new mysteries: mummy DNA resurrects a cryptic species within the Nile crocodile. Molecular ecology. 20(20):4199–4215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05245.x

Helfenberger N. 1981. Ein Beitrag zur Fortpflanzungsiologie von Osteolaemus t. tetraspis. Herpetogauna. 11: 9-11.

Inger R. 1948. The systematic status of the crocodile Osteoblepharon osborni. Copeia. 1948(1):15-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1438784

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Kofron C. 1992. Status and habitats of three African crocodiles in Liberia. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 8(3):265-273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467400006490

Kofron C, Steiner C. 1994. Observations on the African Dwarf Crocodile, Osteolaemus tetraspis. Copeia. 1994(2):533-535. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1447006

Kpera N. 2003. Notes on crocodiles in Benin. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter. 22(1):3.

Luiselli L, Akani G, Capizzi D. 1999. Is there any interspecific competition between Dwarf Crocodiles (Osteolaemus tetraspis) and Nile Monitors (Varanus niloticus ornatus) in the swamps of Central Africa? A study from south-eastern Nigeria. Journal of Zoology. 247(1):127-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1999.tb00200.x

Moiser C, Barber A. 1994. The crocodile pools of the Western Division, the Gambia. British Herpetological Society Bulletin. 47:16-22.

Pauwels O, Christy P, Honorez A. 2006. Reptiles and national parks in Gabon, western central Africa. Hamadryad. 30(1&2):181-196.

Pauwels O, Barr B, Sanchez M, Burger M. 2007. Diet records for the dwarf crocodile Osteolaemus tetraspis tetraspis in Rabi Oilfields and Loango National Park, southwestern Gabon. Hamadryad. 31(2):258-264.

Ray D, White P, Duong H, Cullen T, Densmore L. 2001. High levels of genetic variability in West African Dwarf Crocodiles Osteolaemus tetraspis tetraspis. In: Grigg G, Seebacher F, Franklin C, editors. Crocodilian biology and evolution. Chipping Norton (AU): Surrey Beatty and Sons. p. 58-63.

Reilly S, Elias J. 1998. Locomotion in Alligator mississippiensis: kinematic effects of speed and posture and their relevance to the sprawling-to-erect paradigm. Journal of Experimental Biology. 201:2559-2574.

Riley J, Huchzermeyer F. 1999. African Dwarf Crocodiles in the Likouala Swamp forests of the Congo basin: habitat, density, and nesting. Copeia. 1999(2):313-320.  https://doi.org/10.2307/1447477 

Riley J, Huchzermeyer F. 2000. Diet and lung parasites of swamp forest Dwarf Crocodiles (Osteolaemus tetraspis osborni) in the Northern Congo Republic. Copeia. 2000(2):582-586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/0045-8511(2000)000[0582:DALPOS]2.0.CO;2

Ross F. 2006. African Dwarf-croc quandary persists. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter. 25(1):19-21.

Schmidt F. 2013. European studbook for the African dwarf crocodile (Osteolaemus sp.). Zoo Leipzig, Germany.

Schmidt KP. 1911. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I. Turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chameleons. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 39:385-624.

Shirley MH, Oduro W, Beibro HY. 2009. Conservation status of crocodiles in Ghana and Cote-d'Ivoire, West Africa. Oryx. 43(1):136-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309001586

Shirley MH, Vliet KA, Carr AN, Austin JD. 2014. Rigorous approaches to species delimitation have significant implications for African crocodile systematics and conservation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 281(1776):20132483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2483

Shirley MH, Villanova VL, Vliet KA, Austin JD. 2015. Genetic barcoding facilitates captive and wild management of three cryptic African crocodile species complexes. Animal Conservation. 18(4):322-330. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12176

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Smolensky NL, Hurtado LA, Fitzgerald LA. 2015. DNA barcoding of Cameroon samples enhances our knowledge on the distributional limits of putative species of Osteolaemus (African dwarf crocodiles). Conservation Genetics 16:235–240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-014-0639-3

Somaweera R, Brien M, Shine R. 2013. The role of predation in shaping crocodilian natural history. Herpetological Monographs. 27:23-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/HERPMONOGRAPHS-D-11-00001

Temple-Perkins EA. 1951. The first findings of a live pigmy crocodile in Uganda. Uganda Journal 15: 182.

Thorbjarnarson JB, Eaton MJ. 2003. Regional Report: Congo and Gabon. Crocodile Specialist Group, Bulletin 22:6–8.

Trutnae L, Sommerlad R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their Natural History and Captive Husbandry. Frankfurt (DE): Edition Chimaira. 646 p.

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Waitkuwait W. 1989. Present knowledge on the West African Slender-snouted Crocodile, Crocodylus cataphractus Cuvier 1824 and the West African Dwarf Crocodile Osteolaemus tetraspis, Cope 1861. In: Hall P, Bryant R, editors. Crocodiles, their ecology, management and conservation. Gland (CH): IUCN. p. 260-275.

Weldon P, Wheeler J. 2001. The chemistry of crocodilian skin glands. In: Grigg G, Seebacher F, Franklin C, editors. Crocodilian biology and evolution. Chipping Norton (AU): Surrey Beatty and Sons. p. 286-296.

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Yang Z, Whyte A, Attygalle A, Weldon P, Eisner T, Meinwald J. 1999. Reptilian chemistry: characterization of a family of dianeackerone-related steroidal esters from a crocodile secretion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96(22):12251-12256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.22.12251

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Zoer R. 2012. The bush meat and conservation status of the African Dwarf Crocodile Osteolaemus tetraspis. Pretoria (ZA): University of Pretoria. 64 p.

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