Habitat of domestic camels
- Domestic animals have been introduced throughout the arid and semiarid regions of the world.
- Domestic Bactrian camel
- Cold desert regions of Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China.
- Hot arid deserts of Africa and Middle East Most in Somalia and Sudan.
- A large feral population of dromedaries exists in Australia
- Archeological finds indicate that both the dromedary and domestic Bactrian camel were imported into northern provinces of the Roman Empire for military and civilian use (Pigière & Henrotay, 2012).
Habitat of wild Bactrian camel
- Desolate mountain and desert areas
- Rocky mountain massifs
- Deserts: flat pavement-like expanses, sand dunes
- Oases fringed with poplars (Populus)
- Sparse vegetation
- Plants include: Haloxylon, Caragana, Salsola
- Large temperature range
- Up to 60-70°C (140-160°F) in summer
- Down to -30°C (-22°F) in winter
- May inhabit areas with no freshwater
- Adapted to drinking saltwater slush, which domestic camels will not touch.