Skip to main content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Extinct Columbian (Mammuthus columbi) and Channel Island (M. exilis) Mammoths Fact Sheet: Bibliography

Extinct Columbian (Mammuthus columbi) and Channel Island (M. exilis) Mammoths

Bibliography

Agenbroad, L. 1998. Pygmy (Dwarf) mammoths of the Channel Islands of California. Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, SD, Inc.

Agenbroad, L. 2003. New localities, chronology and comparisons for Mammuthus exilis. In J. Reumer, (ed) In: Advances in Mammoth Research, Proceedings of the 2nd International Mammoth Conference, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. DEINSEA 9:1-16.

Agenbroad, L. and J. Mead 1996. Distribution and palaeoecology of central and western North American Mammuthus. J. Shoshani and Pascal Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. pp. 280-288.

Averianov, A. 1996. Sexual dimorphism in the mammoth skull, teeth, and long bones. J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. pp. 260-167.

Bongino, J. 2007. Late Quaternary history of the Waco Mammoth Site: environmental reconstruction and interpreting the cause of death. MA Thesis, Baylor University. Waco, Texas.

Cohen, C. 2002. Fate of the Mammoth. University of Chicago Press. pp. 63-64.

Coltrain, J. J. Harris, T. Cerling, J. Ehleringer, M. Dearing, J. Ward, J Allen, 2004. Rancho La Brea stable isotope biogeochemistry and its implications for the palaeoecology of late Pleistocene, coastal southern California. Palaeogrography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 205(3-4)199-219.

Dudley, J. 1996. Mammoths, gomphotheres, and the great American faunal interchange. J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. pp. 289-295.

Dudley, J. 1999. Coevolutionary implications of an endemic Pleistocene megaherbivore fauna for insular floras of the California Channel Islands. Conservation Biology 13(1):209-210.

Fisher, D. 1996. Extinction of proboscideans in North America. J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. pp. 296-315.

Fox, F., C. Smith, D. Lintz, 1992. Herd bunching at the Waco mammoth site: Preliminary investigations, 1978-1987. pp. 51 In J. Fox, J. Smith, K. Wilkins (eds.), Proboscidean and Paleoindian interactions. Baylor University Press, Waco, Texas 233 p.

Fox, D., D. Fisher, S. Vartanyan, 2003. Tusk growth increment and stable isotope profiles of Late Pleistocene and Holocene Mammuthus primigenius from Siberia and Wrangel Island. Abstracts, Third International Mammoth Conference, 2003. Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.

Gillette, D. and D. Madsen 1993. The Columbian Mammoth, Mammuthus columbi, from the Wasatch Mountains of Central Utah. Journal of Paleontology, 67(4)669-680.

Harington, C. 1984. Mammoths, bison, and time in North America. In W. Mahaney (ed.) Quaternary dating methods. Elsevier Science Publishers. Amsterdam pp. 299-309.

Haynes, G. 1991. Mammoths, mastodonts, & elephants: biology, behavior, and the fossil record. Cambridge University Press,

Hoppe, K. 2004. Late Pleistocene mammoth herd structure, migration patterns, and Clovis hunting strategies inferred from isotopic analyses of multiple death assemblages. Paleobiology 30(1):129-145

Johnson, D. 1972. Landscape evolution on San Miguel Island, California. PhD Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

Johnson, D. 1978. The origin of island mammoths and the Quaternary land bridge history of the Northern Channel Islands, California. Quaternary Research 10:204-225.

Kerr, R. 2008. Experts find no evidence for a mammoth-killer impact. Science 319(5868) pp. 1331-1332.

Koch, P. 1988. The diet of Pleistocene proboscideans and its role in their extinction. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with Program, 21:A378.

Koch, P., K. Hoppe, S. D. Webb 1998. The isotopic ecology of late Pleistocene mammals in North America: Part 1. Florida. Chemical Geology 152(1-2): 119-138

Krzeminska, A. 2008. Preliminary characteristics of pathologies found in the skeletons of mammoths a the Krakow Spadzista Street (B) site, Veterinarija Zootechnika 43(65).(on line: http://www.lva.lt/vetzoo/data/vols/2008/43/pdf/krzeminska.pdf)

Kurten, B. and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America. Columbia University Press.New York. 442 p.

Laws, R. 1966. Age criteria for the African elephant Loxodonta a. africana. East African Wildlife Journal 4: 1-37

Leshchinskiy, S. and E. Burkanova 2003. Kochegur. A new locality for mammoth remains in the Shestakovo beast, Solonetz district (Western Siberia). Abstract. Proceedings of the Third International Mammoth Conference, 2003. Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.

Lister, A., Sexual dimorphism in the mammoth pelvis: and aid to gender determination. In: J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. p. 254-259.

Lister, A., Evolution and taxonomy of Eurasian mammoths. In: J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. p. 203-213.

Lister, A. and A. Sher, 2001. The origin and evolution of the Woolly mammoth. Science 294:1094-1097.

Martin, P. 2005. Twilight of the mammoths. University of California Press. pp. 148-164

Matheus, P., R. Gutherie, M. Kunz 2003. Predator-prey links in Pleistocene East Beringia: evidence from stable isotopes. Abstracts, Third International Mammoth Conference, 2003. Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.

McDaniel, G. 2006. Mammoths and their relatives. In: G. Jefferson and L. Lindsay (eds.) Fossil Treasures of the Anza-Borrego Desert. Sunbelt Publications, Inc., San Diego, CA. pp. 217-234.

McDaniel, G. and G. Jefferson 2003. Mammuthus meridionalis (Proboscidea: Elephantidae) from the Borrego Badlands of ABDSP, California. In: Advances in Mammoth Research, Proceedings of the 2nd International Mammoth Conference, Rotterdam, DEINSEA 9:239-252.

McDaniel, G. and G. Jefferson 2005. Mammoths in our midst. In:Proceedings of Third International Mammoth Conference, 2003. Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada.

McDaniel, G. and G. Jefferson 2006. Dental variation in the molars of Mammuthus columbi var. M. imperator (Proboscidea, Elephantidae) from a Mathis gravel quarry, southern Texas. In: Proceedings of Third International Mammoth Conference, 2003 Dawson, Yukon, Canada. Quaternary International 142-143:166-177.

Miller, W. and 19 other authors, 2008. Sequencing the nuclear genome of the extinct woolly mammoth. Nature 456(7220):387-390.

Osborn, H. 1942. Proboscidea. 1676 pp. American Museum Press, New York.

Riney, B. 2002. Excavation site in Oceanside reveals fossils of mammoth, mastodon, and tapir. San Diego Natural History Museum Website. http://www.sdnhm.org/research/paleontology/oceanside02.html

Roth, V. L., 1984. How elephants grow: heterochrony and the calibration of developmental stages in some living and fossil species. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 4: 126-45

Roth, V. L.. 1996. Pleistocene dwarf elephants of the California Islands. In: J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds.). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press pp. 249-253.

Rountrey, A., D. Fisher, S. Vartanyan, D. Fox, 2006. Carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses of a juvenile woolly mammoth tusk: evidence of weaning. World of Elephants 2 - Selected papers from the 2nd Congress, Mammoth Site of Hot Springs. Quaternary International 169-170. pp.166-173.

Schmidt, M. 1992. The elephant beneath the mask. In: J. Shoshani (ed.), Elephants: majestic creatures of the wild. Rodale Press, Emmaus, Pennsylvania. ppp. 92-97.

Shoshani, J. 1998. Understanding proboscidean evolution: a formidable task. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13(12):480-487

Stock, C. and E. Furlong, 1928. The Pleistocene elephants of Santa Rosa Island, California. Science 68:140-14.

Todd, N. and V. Roth 1996. Origin and radiation of the elephantidae. J. Shoshani and P. Tassy (eds). In: The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives. Oxford University Press. pp. 193-203.

Webb, S. D. 1992 A brief history of New World Proboscidea with emphasis on their adaptations and interactions with man In: Fox, J.W., Smith, C.B., and Wilkins, K.T. (eds.) Proboscidean and Paleoindian Interactions Baylor University Press, Waco, Texas pp. 15-34.

Additional Internet Resources

(and where to view mammoth fossils in museums)

SDZG Library Links