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Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)

Distribution

  • Varanid lizards occur throughout Africa, the Middle East, South-East Asia, Australia (Fitch et al. 2006)
  • Komodo dragons restricted to the islands of Komodo, Flores, Rinca and Gilli Motang in the middle of the Lesser Sunda Islands, Republic of Indonesia.
    • Less than 1000 sq km is officially protected and designated Komodo National Park.

Habitat

South-East Indonesia

  • One of world's major volcanic areas. Slight tremors felt every few weeks; volcanic ash fall occurs periodically.
  • Largest Komodo dragon habitat is on the island of Komodo where they occupy the entire island.
    • On Flores they occupy 400 sq km and on Rinca 278 sq km
  • Regions inhabited are arid and mountainous. Adult Komodos frequently occupy the transition zone between tropical monsoon forest (tamarind and kapok trees, cycads, and ferns) and the savanna.
    • Komodos are usually found in the rocky valleys between 500-700 m.
    • They prefer the extensive flat savannas. The driest savanna is studded with lontar palms.
    • Moister grasslands have tamarind and jujube trees.
  • Found from sea level to 800 m.
  • Average temperature 26.7°C at sea level (range: 17°C - 43°C)

Komodo Dragon Distribution

komodo dragon distribution map

The Komodo dragon's range is a fraction of what it once was. Today, they are found on only three Indonesian islands.

Adapted from www.d-maps.com. Click here or on the map for detailed distribution.

Page Citations

Auffenberg (1981)
CBSG (1995)
Fitch et al. (2006)

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