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Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)


  • Varanid lizards occur throughout Africa, the Middle East, South-East Asia, Australia (Fitch et al. 2006)
  • Komodo dragons restricted to the islands of Komodo, Flores, Rinca and Gilli Motang in the middle of the Lesser Sunda Islands, Republic of Indonesia.
    • Less than 1000 sq km is officially protected and designated Komodo National Park.


South-East Indonesia

  • One of world's major volcanic areas. Slight tremors felt every few weeks; volcanic ash fall occurs periodically.
  • Largest Komodo dragon habitat is on the island of Komodo where they occupy the entire island.
    • On Flores they occupy 400 sq km and on Rinca 278 sq km
  • Regions inhabited are arid and mountainous. Adult Komodos frequently occupy the transition zone between tropical monsoon forest (tamarind and kapok trees, cycads, and ferns) and the savanna.
    • Komodos are usually found in the rocky valleys between 500-700 m.
    • They prefer the extensive flat savannas. The driest savanna is studded with lontar palms.
    • Moister grasslands have tamarind and jujube trees.
  • Found from sea level to 800 m.
  • Average temperature 26.7°C at sea level (range: 17°C - 43°C)

Komodo Dragon Distribution

komodo dragon distribution map

The Komodo dragon's range is a fraction of what it once was. Today, they are found on only three Indonesian islands.

Adapted from Click here or on the map for detailed distribution.

Page Citations

Auffenberg (1981)
CBSG (1995)
Fitch et al. (2006)

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