This is the "Summary" page of the "Red-ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra) Fact Sheet, 2015" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Red-ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra) Fact Sheet, 2015  

Last Updated: Nov 25, 2015 URL: http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/redruffedlemur Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Summary Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

Red-ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra) Fact Sheet, 2015

Image credit: ©San Diego Zoo Global. All Rights Reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primates

Suborder: Strepsirrhini

Family: Lemuridae

Genus:Varecia

Species: Varecia rubra (Saint-Hilaire, 1812) - Red-ruffed lemur

Measurements taken from 3 adults:

Body Weight
3.3-3.6 kg (7.3-7.9 lb)

Head & Body Length
50-55 cm (1.6-1.8 ft)

Tail Length
60-65 cm (2.0-2.1 ft)

Pelage
Deep, chestnut-red back and outer limbs (dorsal surface). Black face, muzzle, top of head, feet, belly, inner limbs and tail.

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology

Range
Limited to Masoala Peninsula, Northeastern Madagascar

Habitat
Moist, lowland regions of primary forests

IUCN Status
Critically Endangered A4cd version 3.1

CITES Appendix
Appendix I

Population in Wild
No published estimates; threatened by habitat degradation, hunting and catastrophic environmental events

Locomotion
Quadrupedal; climb and leap through trees

Activity Cycle
Diurnal

Social Groups
Dispersed networks of core groups with a multi-male/multi-female, multi-layered fission-fusion social structure

Diet
Highly frugivorous. Also eats flowers and leaves.

Predators
Fossa and birds of prey

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity
Females c. 1 year, males c. 2 years; in captivity

Gestation
c. 99-106 days, in captivity

Litter Size
Commonly 2-3

Interbirth Interval
c. 2 year

Birth Weight
c. 98 g (0.2 lb)

Age at Weaning
c. 3-4 months

Longevity
Typical lifespan in the wild not known. In captivity, life expectancy is c. 21 years for males, 18 for females. Maximum longevity of c. 36 years reached by a female.

Feature Facts

The largest extant member of the family Lemuridae, the red-ruffed lemur spends over 50% of its time resting.  This includes sunning, basking in the sun with arms outstretched.

Litter size is commonly 2-3 and parenting is communal.  Females stash infants together in a tree to forage, while remaining males and females coordinate vigilant activity to guard infants.  Mothers also communally nurse each other’s infants.

The red-ruffed lemur has undergone a suspected >80% population reduction over c. 24 years, equal to 3 generations.

 

 

About This Fact Sheet

© 2015 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated October 2015. 

How to cite: Red-ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra) Fact Sheet, 2015. c2015. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/redruffedlemur.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

 

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Mylisa Whipple, M.S. for providing expert content review of this fact sheet. Ms. Whipple has been a Primate Keeper at the Saint Louis Zoo for almost 11 years.  She is currently the North American Regional Studbook Keeper and International Studbook Keeper for both Red Ruffed Lemurs and Black and White Ruffed Lemurs.

She holds a M.S. in Zoology with an emphasis in Animal Behavior from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, in addition to a B.S. in Biology with an emphasis in Zoology from Western Illinois University.  

SDZG Library Links

Our Mission. The Library is dedicated to supporting San Diego Zoo Global’s mission by providing outstanding
information resources and research services to advance knowledge and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save
species worldwide. Our Vision. We will empower San Diego Zoo Global to lead the fight against extinction by serving as
the organization’s information hub and facilitating research of the highest quality.


© 2016 San Diego Zoo Global — All Rights Reserved

Our Family of Sites

  • Zoo logoSan Diego Zoo
  • Park logoSan Diego Zoo Safari Park
  • ICR logoSan Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research
  • SDZ Global logoSan Diego Zoo Global
Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip