Skip to main content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Takin (Budorcas spp.) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Population Status

  • Total population estimates (Sangay et al. 2016)
    • No reliable estimates
      • Best available estimate: 7,000-12,000 individuals
    • B. bedfordi
      • Of takin species, has most reliable estimates
      • Estimates vary; perhaps 1,250 individuals to as many as 3,000-5,000 individuals
    • B. taxicolor
      • China: about 3,500 individuals
      • India: 220-300 individuals
    • B. tibetana
      • No total population estimate
      • "Several thousand" individuals as a very rough estimate
    • B. whitei
      • 500-700 individuals

Conservation Status

IUCN Status

  • B. taxicolor
    • As of Apr 2019, IUCN has not updated takin assessment to reflect updated taxonomy; needs updating
      • Former subspecies elevated to species-level taxonomy
    • All takin species listed under Bucadorcas taxicolor

CITES Status

  • Appendix II (UNEP-WCMC 11 January 2011)

Status in China

  • Class I Protected Status by National Wildlife Protection Law of 1988
    • 14 nature reserves offer protection of takins and takin habitat
    • Logging bans begun in late 1990s instrumental in improving protecting these habitats

Status in India and Bhutan

  • Protected
    • B. t. whitei protected by Schedule I of Bhutan's Forest and Nature Conservation Act (1995)

Legal status in Myanmar

  • Uncertain
    • Occurs in protected areas in Myanmar
    • Populations decreasing in Myanmar due to bushmeat hunting

Threats to Survival

  • Over hunting
  • Loss of habitat, especially deforestation, road building, pasture burning
  • Disturbance from tourism
  • Competition and disease transmission from domestic livestock
  • According to a 2010 study (Chettri et al 2010):
    • Mishmi takins of the Eastern Himalayas are especially vulnerable to climate change
    • With their narrow and restricted distribution; their habitats are influenced by:
      • Declining snowfall
      • Melting glaciers
      • Changes in the existing mix of species present
      • Decrease in productivity of alpine grassland/scrub flora

Soft Spot for Takin

Adult and calf takin touching foreheads

Affectionate moment between a takin parent and calf.

Takin live in rugged and remote regions, but this does not afford them enough protection against overhunting, habitat loss, and disturbance from humans.

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Song et al. (2008)
UNEP-WCMC (2011)

SDZG Library Links