Northern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): Burchell (1817)
Species: C. simum
Subspecies: C. s. simum (southern)
Body Length (head body): 360-420 cm (12-14 ft)
Tail Length: 80-100 cm (3 ft)
Pelage: Hair only at tip of tail and fringes of ears
Horns: Two horns on rostrum, one in front of the other
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Disjunct populations in east-central Africa and southern Africa
Habitat: Grasslands and savannahs; do not like closed forest or thick brush.
IUCN Status: Near Threatened (2011 assessment)
CITES Appendix: C. s. simum from South Africa Appendix II; all other populations of both subspecies Appendix I
Population in Wild:
Locomotion: Fairly sedentary; do not disperse very rapidly
Activity Cycle: Most active (feeding) early morning and late afternoon; rest during midday. At night, alternate between resting and feeding
Social Groups: Not very social. Territorial bulls almost always alone. Females with calves or unrelated adolescents. Groups of adolescents
Diet: Consume short grasses
Predators: Humans; young may be vulnerable to lions.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Gestation: 16 months
Litter Size: 1
Age at Weaning: at about 1 year of age
Longevity: about 50 years
© 2015-2019 San Diego Zoo Global. Minor updates in 2013, 2015. Population updates Mar 2018, Apr 2019.
How to cite: White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) Fact Sheet. c2015-2019. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ whiterhino.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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