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Collared Lemur (Eulemur collaris) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

Life in Captivity

Captive reproduction (from Becker and Ferrie 2014)

  • Program begun in mid 1960s
    • Undertaken by Duke Lemur Center
  • Reproduction inconsistent since founding
    • Birth rate low
      • c. 2 births per year on average

Captive History

History in Captivity

  • Europe
    • Historical notes
      • A male cared for at the Paris museum in 1812 was likely the type specimen first used to describe this lemur species (Hill 1953)
  • North America (from Becker 2013 unless otherwise noted)
    • Captive breeding efforts
      • First captive birth in 1964
        • A male born at Duke Lemur Center (DLC)
      • DLC led efforts to understand reproduction in this species
        • All captive births between 1964 and 1991 were at this facility
      • Breeding success markedly improved in the early to mid-1980s (Becker and Ferrie 2014)

Current Captive Population

  • North America
    • 33 individuals, as of May 2014 (from Becker and Ferrie 2014)
      • 17 males, 13 females, and 3 unknowns
      • Distributed across 10 institutions
      • Minimal change in the population size since 2012 (Becker 2013; Becker and Ferrie 2014)
      • Many individuals are of advanced age
        • >16 years of age

San Diego Zoo Global (SDZG)

  • Historical notes
    • Few members of this species housed at SDZ (from Becker 2012; ZIMS 2015)
      • First individual in the early 1950s
        • This male was among the very first representatives of this species under care at a zoological facility within the United States
      • No other (known) members of this species at SDZG for another 6 decades (in 2013)
        • Most “brown lemurs” at SDZ belonged to the species Eulemur flavus
        • The zoo has also cared for E. albifrons, E. macaco
  • Current population (from ZIMS 2015)
    • San Diego Zoo
      • 1 male and 1 female, as of May 2015
        • Both individuals born in 2012

Collared Lemur in Captivity

a female Collared lemur

Collared lemur in the Cotswold Wildlife Park. Image credit: © Marie Hale at Flickr. Some rights reserved.

Page Citations

Becker (2013)
Becker and Ferrie (2014)
Hill (1953)
ZIMS (2015)

SDZG Library Links