Current taxonomy, as of October 2015 (Linda Cayot, personal communication, 2016; prepared by Galápagos Conservancy and Galápagos National Park scientists for publication in a book by Tui de Roy, and future scientific literature)
Previous taxonomy, as of 2014 (Turtle Taxonomy Working Group: van Dijk et al. 2014)
Common names (Gibbons and Greene 2009; Orenstein 2012)
Diversity of tortoises
Evolutionary history of modern tortoises (Family Testudinidae)
GGTs colonize a number of Galápagos Islands
Closest living relative
GGTs in culture and folklore
San Diego Zoo Global
Class: Reptilia (Laurenti, 1768)
Order: Testudines (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family: Testudinidae (Terrestrial turtles with high domed carapace, elephantine feet) (Batsch, 1788)
Genus: Chelonoidis (Fitzinger, 1835)
Sources: van Dijk 2014 (Turtle Taxonomy Working Group); Linda Cayot, personal communication, 2016
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
The Guinness Book of Records named "Lonesome George," the last giant tortoise from Pinta Island, the world’s “rarest living creature.”
Since George died in 2012, he has become a powerful symbol of biodiversity conservation.
Image credit: © Galapagos Conservancy and Tim Saxe; photo by Tim Saxe. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the artist and Galapagos Conservancy.