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Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013   Tags: australia, endangered, forest, hop, mammal, marsupial, new south wales, new zealand, nocturnal, parma, paws, sclerophyll, wallaby  

Parma Wallaby Macropus parma
Last Updated: Dec 30, 2016 URL: http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/parmawallaby Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013

Parma wallaby, sitting upright

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Diprotodontia - koalas, wombats, possums, macropods (kangaroos, tree kangaroos, wallaroos, etc.)

Family: Macropodidae - kangaroos, wallabies

Genus: Macropus

Species: Macropus parma - Parma wallaby

Body Weight
Male: 4.1-5.9 kg (9.0-13.0 lb)
Female: 3.2-4.8 kg (7.1-10.6 lb)

Head-body Length
Male: 482-528 mm (19.0-20.8 in)
Female: 447-527 mm (17.6-20.8 in)

Tail Length
Male: 489-544 mm (19.2-21.4 in)
Female: 405-507 mm (15.9-20.0 in)

Pelage
Dark reddish-brown to gray-brown

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology

Range
x

Habitat
New South Wales, from Sydney north to Gold Coast

IUCN Status
Near Threatened

CITES Appendix
Not listed

Other Designations
U.S. Endangered Species Act: Endangered

Population in Wild
No recent estimates; 1992 estimate: 1,000-10,000 individuals.
Population decreases over past 200 years due to habitat loss and introduction of red fox.

Locomotion
Two- and four-legged hopping. Near horizontal position, close to the ground.

Activity Cycle
Primarily nocturnal, like most macropods. Active just before dawn.

Social Groups
Typically solitary; may feed in groups of 2 or 3.

Diet
Primarily grasses and herbs; some shrubs, trees, and fungi.

Predators
Red fox, Vulpes vulpes

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity
In the wild: females: 12-36 months; males: 20-24 months
In captivity: females: 11-16 months; males: about 22 months

Gestation
About 35 days

Litter Size
1

Interbirth Interval
Females come back into estrus 45-105 days after the young is born.

Birth Weight
About 0.5 g (0.02 oz)

Age at Weaning
Completed at 9-12 months old

Longevity
In the wild: 6-8 years
In captivity: 11-15 years

Feature Facts

  • The name "parma" comes from the Aboriginal word for this species.
  • Once thought to be extinct; a reintroduced population was discovered in New Zealand in 1965 and in Australia in 1967.
  • Small size; smallest member of the genus Macropus
  • Small home range size
  • Males produce soft clucks when courting females; also vigorously paw at females.
  • Threats to survival include loss of forest habitat (agriculture and livestock grazing), predation, and collisions with vehicles.
  • Successful captive breeding programs in zoos
 

About This Fact Sheet

© 2013 San Diego Zoo Global

How to cite: Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013. c2013. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/parmawallaby
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

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