This is the "Summary" page of the "Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013   Tags: australia, endangered, forest, hop, mammal, marsupial, new south wales, new zealand, nocturnal, parma, paws, sclerophyll, wallaby  

Parma Wallaby Macropus parma
Last Updated: Dec 30, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Summary Print Page

Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013

Parma wallaby, sitting upright

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Diprotodontia - koalas, wombats, possums, macropods (kangaroos, tree kangaroos, wallaroos, etc.)

Family: Macropodidae - kangaroos, wallabies

Genus: Macropus

Species: Macropus parma - Parma wallaby

Body Weight
Male: 4.1-5.9 kg (9.0-13.0 lb)
Female: 3.2-4.8 kg (7.1-10.6 lb)

Head-body Length
Male: 482-528 mm (19.0-20.8 in)
Female: 447-527 mm (17.6-20.8 in)

Tail Length
Male: 489-544 mm (19.2-21.4 in)
Female: 405-507 mm (15.9-20.0 in)

Dark reddish-brown to gray-brown

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology


New South Wales, from Sydney north to Gold Coast

IUCN Status
Near Threatened

CITES Appendix
Not listed

Other Designations
U.S. Endangered Species Act: Endangered

Population in Wild
No recent estimates; 1992 estimate: 1,000-10,000 individuals.
Population decreases over past 200 years due to habitat loss and introduction of red fox.

Two- and four-legged hopping. Near horizontal position, close to the ground.

Activity Cycle
Primarily nocturnal, like most macropods. Active just before dawn.

Social Groups
Typically solitary; may feed in groups of 2 or 3.

Primarily grasses and herbs; some shrubs, trees, and fungi.

Red fox, Vulpes vulpes

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity
In the wild: females: 12-36 months; males: 20-24 months
In captivity: females: 11-16 months; males: about 22 months

About 35 days

Litter Size

Interbirth Interval
Females come back into estrus 45-105 days after the young is born.

Birth Weight
About 0.5 g (0.02 oz)

Age at Weaning
Completed at 9-12 months old

In the wild: 6-8 years
In captivity: 11-15 years

Feature Facts

  • The name "parma" comes from the Aboriginal word for this species.
  • Once thought to be extinct; a reintroduced population was discovered in New Zealand in 1965 and in Australia in 1967.
  • Small size; smallest member of the genus Macropus
  • Small home range size
  • Males produce soft clucks when courting females; also vigorously paw at females.
  • Threats to survival include loss of forest habitat (agriculture and livestock grazing), predation, and collisions with vehicles.
  • Successful captive breeding programs in zoos

About This Fact Sheet

© 2013 San Diego Zoo Global

How to cite: Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013. c2013. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd].
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to

SDZG Library Links

Our Mission. The Library is dedicated to supporting San Diego Zoo Global’s mission by providing outstanding
information resources and research services to advance knowledge and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save
species worldwide. Our Vision. We will empower San Diego Zoo Global to lead the fight against extinction by serving as
the organization’s information hub and facilitating research of the highest quality.

© 2016 San Diego Zoo Global — All Rights Reserved

Our Family of Sites

  • Zoo logoSan Diego Zoo
  • Park logoSan Diego Zoo Safari Park
  • ICR logoSan Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research
  • SDZ Global logoSan Diego Zoo Global

Loading  Loading...