Parma Wallaby Macropus parma
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Order: Diprotodontia - koalas, wombats, possums, macropods (kangaroos, tree kangaroos, wallaroos, etc.)
Family: Macropodidae - kangaroos, wallabies
Species: Macropus parma - Parma wallaby
Male: 4.1-5.9 kg (9.0-13.0 lb)
Female: 3.2-4.8 kg (7.1-10.6 lb)
Male: 482-528 mm (19.0-20.8 in)
Female: 447-527 mm (17.6-20.8 in)
Male: 489-544 mm (19.2-21.4 in)
Female: 405-507 mm (15.9-20.0 in)
Dark reddish-brown to gray-brown
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
New South Wales, from Sydney north to Gold Coast
U.S. Endangered Species Act: Endangered
Population in Wild
No recent estimates; 1992 estimate: 1,000-10,000 individuals.
Population decreases over past 200 years due to habitat loss and introduction of red fox.
Two- and four-legged hopping. Near horizontal position, close to the ground.
Primarily nocturnal, like most macropods. Active just before dawn.
Typically solitary; may feed in groups of 2 or 3.
Primarily grasses and herbs; some shrubs, trees, and fungi.
Red fox, Vulpes vulpes
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
In the wild: females: 12-36 months; males: 20-24 months
In captivity: females: 11-16 months; males: about 22 months
About 35 days
Females come back into estrus 45-105 days after the young is born.
About 0.5 g (0.02 oz)
Age at Weaning
Completed at 9-12 months old
In the wild: 6-8 years
In captivity: 11-15 years
- The name "parma" comes from the Aboriginal word for this species.
- Once thought to be extinct; a reintroduced population was discovered in New Zealand in 1965 and in Australia in 1967.
- Small size; smallest member of the genus Macropus
- Small home range size
- Males produce soft clucks when courting females; also vigorously paw at females.
- Threats to survival include loss of forest habitat (agriculture and livestock grazing), predation, and collisions with vehicles.
- Successful captive breeding programs in zoos
© 2013 San Diego Zoo Global
How to cite: Parma Wallaby (Macropus parma) Fact Sheet, 2013. c2013. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/parmawallaby
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)
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