Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Fact Sheet, 2006
Image Credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All Rights Reserved.
Describer (Date): Savage (1847)
Species: G. gorilla
Subspecies: G. g. gorilla
Pelage: Black short fur, top of head is brown, face hairless.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
|Range: West & Central Africa
Habitat: Tropical & montane rain forests, including forest swamps.
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered (IUCN 2016)
CITES Appendix: Appendix I
Population in Wild: 150,000 to 255,000; rapid declines since early 2000s
|Locomotion: Quadrupedal knuckle walking / cautious climbers
Activity Cycle: Diurnal
Social Groups: 4-6 adults. Male silverback dominates.
Diet: Leaves, stems, pith, fruit, seeds, insects
Predators: Man, leopard
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Male: 12-15 years
Female: 8.5-10 years
Gestation: 8.5 months
Birth weight: ~4.4 lbs
Age at Weaning: 3+ years
Longevity: 30-40 years in wild, 50 in captivity
Feature Facts: Age to maturity on par with human development. Females only give birth every 3-5 years. Build nests at night. Playful, especially young gorillas. Critically Endangered. Emerging risk of oil palm agriculture.
San Diego Zoo Global:
About This Fact Sheet
© 2006-2016 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated 2015. Conservation update 2016.
How to cite: Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) Fact Sheet, 2006. c2006-2016. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/westernlowlandgorilla
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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