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Cape Porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


AZA. 2023. Species Survival Statistics [data table report]. Chicago (IL): Lincoln Park Zoo/AZA Population Management Center; [accessed 2023 Apr 18].

Barthelmess EL. 2006. Hystrix africaeaustralis. Mamm Species. 788:1–7.

Barthelmess E. 2016a. Family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines). In: Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA, editors. Handbook of the mammals of the world: lagomorphs and rodents I (volume 6). Barcelona (Spain): Lynx Edicions. p. 304-321.

Barthelmess E. 2016b. Hystrix africaeaustralis. In: Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA, editors. Handbook of the mammals of the world: lagomorphs and rodents I (volume 6). Barcelona (Spain): Lynx Edicions. p. 327.

Bragg CJ, Donaldson JD, Ryan PG. 2005. Density of Cape porcupines in a semi-arid environment and their impact on soil turnover and related ecosystem processes. J Arid Environ. 61(2):261–275. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2004.09.007.

Cassola F. 2016. Hystrix africaeaustralis. The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2018.2; e.T10748A115099085 (species assessed 2016 Aug 08; page accessed 2019 Jan 29). doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T10748A22232321.en.

Corbet NU. 1991. Space use and group living in the Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters, 1852) [M.Sc.]. [Hatfield (South Africa)]: University of Pretoria. [accessed 2019 Jan 30].

de Villiers MS, van Aarde RJ, Dott HM. 1994. Habitat utilization by the Cape porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis in a savanna ecosystem. J Zool. 232(4):539–549. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1994.tb00002.x.

Delany MJ. 1975. Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters. In: The rodents of Uganda. London: Trustees of the British Museum. p. 113.

de Graff G. 1981. Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters, 1852. In: The rodents of southern Africa. Durban (South Africa): Butterworths. p. 49–53.

Happold DCD. 2013. Hystrix africaeaustralis Cape crested porcupine (Cape porcupine). In: Mammals of Africa. Volume III: Rodents, hares, and rabbits. New York (NY): Bloomsbury. p. 678–679.

ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System) [Internet database]. 2019. Hystrix africaeaustralis. TSN 584680. [accessed 2019 Jan 29].

Morris DJ, van Aarde RJ. 1985. Sexual behavior of the female porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis. Horm Behav. 19(4):400–412. doi:10.1016/0018-506X(85)90037-6.

Pillay KR, Wilson A-L, Ramesh T, Downs CT. 2015. Digestive parameters and energy assimilation of Cape porcupine on economically important crops. Afr Zool. 50(4):321–326. doi:10.1080/15627020.2015.1116373.

Skinner JD, Chimimba CT. 2005. Family Hystricidae. In: The mammals of the southern Africa subregion (3rd edition). Cambridge (MA): Cambridge University Press. p. 89–93.

van Aarde R. 1998. An ecological perspective of reproduction in the Cape porcupine. Trans R Soc South Afr. 53(2):237–243. doi:10.1080/00359199809520390.

van Aarde RJ. 1985. Reproduction in captive female Cape porcupines (Hystrix africaeaustralis). Reproduction. 75(2):577–582. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0750577.

van Aarde RJ. 1987. Reproduction in the cape porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis: an ecological perspective. South Afr J Sci. 83:605–607.

van Aarde RJ, Skinner JD. 1986a. Reproductive biology of the male Cape porcupine, Hystrix africaeaustralis. Reproduction. 76(2):545–552. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0760545.

van Aarde RJ, Skinner JD. 1986b. Functional anatomy of the ovaries of pregnant and lactating Cape porcupines, Hystrix africaeaustralis. Reproduction. 76(2):553–559. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0760553.

van Aarde RJ, van Wyk V. 1991. Reproductive inhibition in the Cape porcupine, Hystrix africaeaustralis. Reproduction. 92(1):13–19. doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0920013.

UNEP. 2019. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 Jan 29].

Additional Internet Resources

Warning Coloration

Spines and quills of a cape porcupine

Defensive quills of a Cape porcupine.

These contrasting dark and light bands warn potential predators to "stay away."

Image credit: San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.

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