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How Do We Know This?
Isotope studies of elements present fossil bones and tusks in microscopic quantities give information about timing of reproductive stress, and timing of nursing. Clues to stages of development come from tooth replacement patterns and closure of sutures in skull and limb bones.
Mortality and Extinction
- Species (Tapirus californicus) extinct by 13,000 years ago
- Genus (Tapirus) survives elsewhere
Auler & Smart (1999)
Brenzel & Semken (2006)
Hill & Gillette (1985)
SDZWA Library Links
Fact Sheet Index
Fact sheet index, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library
Home page, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library
Email the librarians at firstname.lastname@example.org