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Extinct Teratorn (Family Teratornithidae) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

Extinct Teratorn (Teratornis merriami, Aiolornis incredibilis, Cathartornis gracilis, Argentavis magnificens) Family Teratornithidae


Campbell, K., E. Scott, K. Springer 1999. A new genus for the Incredible Teratorn (Aves: Teratornithidae). Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Washington, D.C., June 1999. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 89:169-175. Retrieved from

Campbell, K. and E. Tonni 1981. Preliminary ovservations of the paleobiology and evolution of teratorns (Aves: Teratornithidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 9(3-4):265-272.

————————————1983. Size and locomotion in teratorns (Aves: Teratornithidae). The Auk 100:390-403.

Chatterjee, S., R.J. Templin, K. Campbell 2007. The areodynamics of Argentavis, the world's largest flying bird from the Miocene of Argentina. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(30):12398-12403

Fisher, H. 1945. Locomotion in the Fossil Vulture Teratornis. American Midland Naturalist, 33(3):72 5-742.

Hertel, F. 1995. Ecomorphological indicators of feeding behavior in recent and fossil raptors. The Auk 112(4):890-903.

Howard, H. 1962. A comparison of prehistoric avian assemblages from individual pits at Rancho La Brea, California. Los Angeles County Museum, Contributions in Science 58:1-24.

————— 1972. The incredible teratorn again. Condor 74:341 -344.

Palmquist, P. and S. Vizcaíno 2003. Ecological and reproductive constraints fo body size in the gigantic Argentavis magnificens (Aves, Theratornithidae) from the Miocene of Argentina.

Vizcaíno, S, R. A. Fariña 1999. On the flight capabilities and distribution of the giant Miocene bird Argentavis magnificens (Teratornithidae). Lethaia 32:271-278.

Rhys, D. 1980. Argentavis magnificens: world's largest flying bird. Origins 7(2)87-88. Retrieved from

Additional Internet Resources

General websites regarding prehistoric/extinct species:

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