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Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis)

History of Managed Care

  • Kept in managed care for hundreds of years but few present in North American zoos until 1980s (Kaldenberg 2003)
  • First international studbook published in Japan in 1972 (Swengel 1996)
    • Regional studbooks now maintained in North America, China, Europe and United Kingdom


Breeding in managed care

  • Breed readily in managed care (Swengel 1996)
  • North American zoo population increased since 1980s, but age structure is not stable: (Kaldenberg 2003)
    • A decline in 1990s meant few juveniles
  • In 1997 a breeding and reintroduction station in Russia released 13 red-crowned and white-napped cranes into wild
    • Khingansky Zapovednik marsh in Amur River Basin, Russian Far East (Andronov 2011)
    • Zoo New England provided many fertile eggs to Russia's Khingansky reserve (Zoo New England 2011)
  • The San Diego Zoo began breeding red-crowned cranes in 1985 (Rimlinger email 2011) (Mace 1988)
    • Hatched 37 chicks 1985-2011
    • Provides eggs to International Crane Foundation

Breeding in Managed Care

Red crown Crane

Breeding of Red-crowned Cranes increased in North American zoos in the 1980s.

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Andronov (2011)
Kaldenberg (2003)
Mace (1988)
Swengel (1996)
Zoo New England (2011)

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