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Two-toed Sloths (Choloepus spp.) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Two-toed Sloths (Choloepus spp.)

Population Status

  • No global population estimates (Plese and Chiarello 2014, Chiarello and Plese 2014)

Conservation Status


  • Choloepus didactylus
  • Choloepus hoffmanni


  • Choloepus didactylus not listed (as of Oct 2019) (UNEP 2019)
    • Costa Rica
  • Choloepus hoffmanni - Appendix III (UNEP 2019)

Endangered Species Act

  • Not listed (two species of three-toed sloths are listed)

Threats to Survival

  •  Habitat loss due to ranching, agriculture, urban expansion and logging
    • Total dependency on forests
    • Habitat fragmentation makes breeding difficult.
  • Hunting/illegal trade in wildlife
    • Traffickers buy young sloths from children ($5-$30) who take them from deforested areas. Mothers are frequently killed and sold for bush meat
  • Hit by motor vehicles, as they slowly crawl across streets

Two-toed Sloth

Sloth hangs upside down, looks into camera

Two-toed sloths are dependent on forests.

Habitat fragmentation makes breeding difficult.

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Meritt (2006)
Aguilar and Fonseca (2008)

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