Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002
Image credit: San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): Schreber 1776
Species: A. jubatus
Subspecies: Acinonyx jubatus jubatus
Subspecies taxonomy is disputed.
Head/Body Length: 112-135 cm (44-53 inches)
Tail Length: 66-84 cm (26-33 inches)
Weight: 39-65 kg (86-143 lbs)
Coat: Tawny to light brown with white underparts. Small and large, solid black spots. Regional variants exist.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Widespread in southern and eastern Africa; a small population persists in Iran.
Habitat: Semi-open country with cover.
CITES/Appendix: I; all sub-species
Population in Wild: c. 7,500
Speed: 64 mph (102 kph)
Activity Cycle: Diurnal, most active in daytime between 07:00-10:00 and 16:00-19:00.
Social Groups: Males may form coalition groups; females are solitary
Communication: Wide variety of calls. Males use urine and feces to delimit territory.
Predators: Lions, hyenas, and humans
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females mature at 21-22 months; males at 2.5-3 years.
Gestation: 90-98 days
Litter Size: 3-4 usual; up to 8
Birth Weight: 150-350 g (0.33-0.77 lbs)
Longevity: 21 years in captivity (longest known)
|Society Press: The San Diego Zoo acquired its first cheetahs in 1939.
"Juba," born at the Wild Animal Park in 1970, was the first zoo-born cheetah to survive infancy. More than 125 cheetah cubs have been born at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
About This Fact Sheet
© 2002 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated 2009, 2012, 2015.
How to cite: Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002. c2002. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/cheetah. (note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)
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