This is the "Summary" page of the "Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002  

Last Updated: Jan 27, 2016 URL: http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/cheetah Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Summary Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002

Image credit: San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Describer (Date): Schreber 1776

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalis

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Genus: Acinonyx

Species: A. jubatus

Subspecies: Acinonyx jubatus jubatus
Subspecies: A. j. velox,
Subspecies: A. j. soemmeringii
Subspecies: A. j. hecki
Subspecies: A. j. venaticus

Subspecies taxonomy is disputed.

Head/Body Length: 112-135 cm (44-53 inches)

Tail Length: 66-84 cm (26-33 inches)

Weight: 39-65 kg (86-143 lbs)

Coat: Tawny to light brown with white underparts. Small and large, solid black spots. Regional variants exist.

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology

Range: Widespread in southern and eastern Africa; a small population persists in Iran.

Habitat: Semi-open country with cover.

IUCN Status:

  • Acinonyx jubatus venaticus - critically endangered
  • A. j. hecki - critically endangered
  • All other subspecies - vulnerable

CITES/Appendix:  I; all sub-species

Population in Wild: c. 7,500

Speed: 64 mph (102 kph)

Activity Cycle: Diurnal, most active in daytime between 07:00-10:00 and 16:00-19:00.

Social Groups: Males may form coalition groups; females are solitary
except when caring for cubs.

Communication: Wide variety of calls. Males use urine and feces to delimit territory.

Diet: Carnivorous.

Predators: Lions, hyenas, and humans

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity: Females mature at 21-22 months; males at 2.5-3 years.

Gestation: 90-98 days

Litter Size: 3-4 usual; up to 8

Birth Weight: 150-350 g (0.33-0.77 lbs)

Longevity: 21 years in captivity (longest known)

Society Press: The San Diego Zoo acquired its first cheetahs in 1939.
"Juba," born at the Wild Animal Park in 1970, was the first zoo-born cheetah to survive infancy. More than 125 cheetah cubs have been born at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.
 

About This Fact Sheet

© 2002 San Diego Zoo Global. Updated 2009, 2012, 2015.

How to cite: Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet, 2002. c2002. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/cheetah. (note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Jan 15)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

SDZG Library Links

Our Mission. The Library is dedicated to supporting San Diego Zoo Global’s mission by providing outstanding
information resources and research services to advance knowledge and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save
species worldwide. Our Vision. We will empower San Diego Zoo Global to lead the fight against extinction by serving as
the organization’s information hub and facilitating research of the highest quality.


© 2016 San Diego Zoo Global — All Rights Reserved

Our Family of Sites

  • Zoo logoSan Diego Zoo
  • Park logoSan Diego Zoo Safari Park
  • ICR logoSan Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research
  • SDZ Global logoSan Diego Zoo Global
Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip