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Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat


Asiatic cheetah (A. jubatus venaticus)

  • Iran
    • Khorassan, Semnan, Tehran, Isfahan, Yazd, Kerman provinces
    • c. 40-200 individuals
  • Possibly present in Egypt
    • Believed extinct
  • Extinct in India

African cheetah

  • Widespread in southern and eastern Africa
    • Largest free-range population in Namibia (A. j. jubatus, approx. 2500).
  • Subspecies ranges
    • A. j. jubatus - Southern Africa
      • c. 10,000 individuals
    • A. j. velox and A. j. raineyii - East Africa
      • < 100 individuals
    • A. j. soemmeringii - Sudan
      • < 2,000 individuals
    • A. j. hecki - North-West Africa
      • < 500 individuals

Turkestan cheetah (Acinonyx j. raddei)

  • Presumed extinct in Turkestan


Typically in semi-open country

  • Bush and savanna woodlands
    • Regions include cover (bushes, medium-length grasses, and trees)
    • Places without cover make hunting difficult
  • Does well in arid/semi-arid habitat

Iranian population

  • Endures extremes in temperature
    • Yearly temperature ranges from below 0oC to 45oC

Distribution Map

cheetah distribution

Cheetah distribution. Isolated, patchy distribution across a large area.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet.
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

Page Citations

Byers et al (1995)
Gros and Rejmanek (1999)
Jackson (1998)
Marker-Kraus (1997)
Saleh et al (2001)

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