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Conservation : A Research Guide: Palm Oil

Selected conservation information resources, online and in print at the San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library.

Conservation Resources : Palm Oil

In the Library


  • These materials at the San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library are a good place to start your research.
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The Palm Oil Controversy in Southeast Asia: a Transnational Perspective.
Pye, Oliver, and Bhattacharya, Jayati (eds.).
Call no. QH193.S6 P94 2013 MAIN

Planet Without Apes.
Stanford, Craig B.
Call no. QL737.P96 S73 2012 MAIN

Supply-side policies to conserve biodiversity and save the orangutan from oil palm expansion: an economic assessment. In: Handbook of Nature Conservation: Global, Environmental and Economic Issues.
Aronoff, Jason B. (ed.).
Call no. QH75 .A73 H36 2009 MAIN


Palm oil as a conservation threat: the role of the RSPO.
Hall, Suzanne.






  • Click on a PDF link for free access to the full-text article.
  • If no PDF link is given, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance staff may contact us for access.

Ancrenaz M, Calaque R, Lackman-Ancrenaz I. 2004. Orangutan nesting behavior in disturbed forest of Sabah, Malaysia: implications for nest census. International Journal of Primatology 25(5):983-1000. [PDF]

Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA). 2014. Palm oil position statement. Available at: [PDF]

Bateman IJ, Coombes E, Fisher B, Fitzherbert E, Glew DW, Naidoo R. 2009. Saving Sumatra's species: combining economics and ecology to define an efficient and self-sustaining programme for inducing conservation within oil palm plantations. CSERGE Working Paper EDM-2009-03. Norwich, UK: Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, University of East Anglia. [PDF]

Bateman IJ, Fisher B, Fitzherbert E, Glew D, Naidoo R. 2010. Tigers, markets and palm oil: market potential for conservation. Oryx 44(2):230. [PDF]

Butler RA, Koh LP. 2010. Sharing the burden of producing sustainable biofuels. Jakarta Post, 12 January 2010. Available at: [HTML] [PDF with supporting material]

Carlson KM, Curran LM, Ratnasari D, Pittman AM, Soares-Filho BS, et al. 2012. Committed carbon emissions, deforestation, and community land conversion from oil palm plantation expansion in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(19):7559-7564. [PDF]

Curran LM., Trigg SN, McDonald AK, Astiani D, Hardiono YM, Siregar P, Caniago I, Kasischke E. 2004. Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science 303(5660):1000-1003. DOI: 10.1126/science.1091714

Danielsen F, Beukema H, Burgess ND, Parish F, Bruehl CA, et al. 2009. Biofuel plantations on forested lands: double jeopardy for biodiversity and climate. Conservation Biology 23(2):348-358. [PDF]

Edwards DP, Fisher B, Wilcove DS. 2011. High conservation value or high confusion value? Sustainable agriculture and biodiversity conservation in the tropics. Conservation Letters 5:20–27. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00209.x

Edwards DP, Hodgson JA, Hamer KC, Mitchell SL, Ahmad AH, Cornell SJ, Wilcove DS. 2010. Wildlife-friendly oil palm plantations fail to protect biodiversity effectively. Conservation Letters 3(4):236–242. [PDF]

Fairhurst T, McLaughlin D. 2009. Sustainable oil palm development on degraded land in Kalimantan. Washington, DC: World Wildlife Fund. [PDF]

Fisher B, Edwards DP, Larsen TH, Ansell FA, Hsu WW, et al. 2011. Cost-effective conservation: calculating biodiversity and logging trade-offs in Southeast Asia. Conservation Letters 4(6):443-450. [PDF]

Foster WA, Snaddon JL, Turner EC, Fayle TM, Cockerill TD, et al. 2011. Establishing the evidence base for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function in the oil palm landscapes of South East Asia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 366:3277–3291. [PDF]

Fredriksson G. 2005. Human-sun bear conflicts in east Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. Ursus 16(1):130-137. [PDF]

Gibson L, Lee TM, Koh LP, Brook BW, Gardner TA, et al. 2011. Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity. Nature 478(7369):378-381. [PDF]

Killeen TJ, Goon J, eds. 2013. Reports from the Technical Panels of the 2nd Greenhouse Gas Working Group of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). [Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia]: RSPO. Available in full [PDF] or in sections:

1. Killeen TJ, Goon J. Acknowledgments & Table of Contents. [PDF]
2. Killeen TJ, Goon J. Overview. [PDF]
3. Agus F, Henson IE, Sahardjo BH, Harris N, van Noordwijk M, Killeen TJ. Review of emission factors for assessment of CO
2 emission from land use change to oil palm in Southeast Asia. [PDF]
4. Gunarso P, Hartoyo ME, Agus F, Killeen TJ. Oil palm and land use change in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. [PDF]
5. Agus F, Gunarso P, Sahardjo BH, Harris N, van Noordwijk M, Killeen TJ. Historical CO
2 emissions from land use and land cover change from the oil palm Industry in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. [PDF]
6. Harris N, Brown K, Netzer M, Gunarso P, Killeen TJ. CO
2 emissions scenarios from land use and land cover change from the oil palm Industry in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. [PDF]
7. Malik, ARHA, Hamzah KA, Joseph KT. Land use change in Malaysia. [PDF]
8. Schrier-Uijl AP, Silvius M, Parish F, Lim KH, Rosediana S, Anshari G. Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat: a scientific review. [PDF]
9. Schrier-Uijl AP, Anshari G. Methods for determining greenhouse gas emissions and carbon stocks from oil palm plantations and their surroundings in tropical peatlands. [PDF]


Koh LP. 2008. Can oil palm plantations be made more hospitable for forest butterflies and birds? Journal of Applied Ecology 45(4):1002-1009. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01491.x

Koh LP, Ghazoul J, Butler RA, Laurance, Sodhi NS, et al. 2010. Wash and spin cycle threats to tropical biodiversity. Biotropica 42(1):67-71. [PDF]

Koh LP, Miettinen J, Liew SC, Ghazoul J. 2011. Remotely sensed evidence of tropical peatland conversion to oil palm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(12:5127-5132. [PDF]

Koh LP, Wilcove DS. 2007. Cashing in palm oil for conservation. Nature 448(7157):993-994. DOI: 10.1038/448993a

Koh LP, Wilcove DS. 2008. Is oil palm agriculture really destroying tropical biodiversity? Conservation Letters 1(2):60–64. [PDF]

Laurance WF. 2007. Forest destruction in tropical Asia. Current Science 93(11):1544-1550. [PDF]

Laurance WF, Koh LP, Butler R, Sodhi NS, Bradshaw CJA, et al. 2010. Improving the performance of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil for nature conservation. Conservation Biology 24(2):377–381. [PDF]

Laurance WF, Sayer J, Cassman KG. 2014. Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in ecology & evolution 29(2):107-116. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2013.12.001

May-Tobin C, Goodman L. 2014. Donuts, deodorant, deforestation: scoring America's top brands on their palm oil commitments. Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists. [PDF]

Nájera A, Simonetti JA. 2010. Can oil palm plantations become bird friendly? Agroforestry Systems 80:203–209. [PDF]

Nellemann C, Miles L, Kaltenborn BP, Virtue M, Ahlenius H, editors. 2007. The last stand of the orangutan -- state of emergency: Illegal logging, fire and palm oil in Indonesia’s national parks. GRID-Arendal, Norway: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). [PDF]

Paoli GD, Yaap B, Wells PL, Sileuw A. 2010. CSR, Oil Palm and the RSPO: Translating boardroom philosophy into conservation action on the ground. Tropical Conservation Science 3(4):438-446. [PDF]

Pearson EL, Lowry R, Dorrian J, Litchfield CA. 2014. Evaluating the conservation impact of an innovative zoo-based educational campaign: 'Don't Palm Us Off' for orang-utan conservation. Zoo Biology 33(3):184-196. DOI: 10.1002/zoo.21120

RSPO. 2014. Rountable on Sustainable Palm Oil impact report 2014. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: RSPO Secretariat. [PDF]

Swarna Nantha S, Tisdell C. 2008. Supply-side policies to conserve biodiversity and save the orangutan from oil palm expansion: an economic assessment (No. 55111). Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland, School of Economics. [PDF]

Swarna Nantha S, Tisdell C. 2009. The orangutan–oil palm conflict: economic constraints and opportunities for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 18(2):487-502. [PDF]

Tata HL, van Noordwijk M, Ruysschaert D, Mulia R, Rahayu S, et al. 2013. Will funding to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and (forest) Degradation (REDD+) stop conversion of peat swamps to oil palm in orangutan habitat in Tripa in Aceh, Indonesia? Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (Oct 2013):1-21. [PDF]

Teoh CH. 2010. Key sustainability issues in the palm oil sector: a discussion paper for multi-stakeholders consultations (commissioned by the World Bank Group). Washington, DC: The World Bank. [PDF]

Wilcove DS, Koh LP. 2010. Addressing the threats to biodiversity from oil-palm agriculture. Biodiversity and Conservation 19:999-1007. [PDF]

Wilson KA, Meijaard E, Drummond S, Grantham HS, Boitani L, et al. 2010. Conserving biodiversity in production landscapes. Ecological Applications 20(6):1721-1732. [PDF]

Yaap B. 2010. Mitigating the biodiversity impacts of oil palm development. CAB Reviews 5:1-11. [PDF]

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