Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)
Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.
Describer (Date): David 1869
Species: Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Body Length: 1,200-1,500 mm (4-5 ft)
Tail Length: 127 mm (5 in)
Weight: 75-160 kg (165-353 lbs)
Pelage: Thick & woolly; white with black eye patches, ears, legs and band across back (skin is pigmented).
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Restricted; found in 6 small areas of Sichuan,Gansu, and Shaanxi provinces of Southwest China.
Habitat: Old growth montane forests with dense bamboo stands.
Population estimates: approximately 1,040 mature individuals; approximately 1,800-2,060 individuals total
Locomotion: Live on the ground but can climb trees well.
Activity Cycle: Active 14.2 hrs/day (dawn and dusk), with almost all of that time spent eating; do not hibernate.
Social Groups: Solitary except from March to May for breeding.
Communication: Scent-marking, vocalizations.
Diet: Over 99% bamboo shoots and roots; 1% opportunistic small rodents, carrion, other plants.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Similar for both sexes: 4.5-6.5 years.
Gestation: 84-184 days (variation due to delayed implantation).
Litter Size: 1 or 2 (very rarely 3). Usually only one is raised in wild.
Birth weight: 85-140 grams (extremely low neonatal/maternal weight ratio).
Birth coat: Sparse white fur; adult coloration by end of first month.
Age at Weaning: Fully weaned at 18-24 months in wild.
Longevity: Estimated 30 years in managed care; 20 years in the wild.
© San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance 2001-2018. Created in 2001, minor revisions in 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2017. Population estimate updated Sep 2018.
How to cite: Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) Fact Sheet. c2001-2018. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ giantpanda. (note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2014 Sep 15)
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