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Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)


(Thiollay 1994)

Northern hemisphere distribution

  • Eurasia
  • North America (Alaska to northern Mexico highlands)
  • Northern Africa and large Mediterranean islands


(Thiollay 1994)

  • Open landscapes of mountains, plateaus and steppes
  • Ideal habitat: deeply cut canyons bordered by open mountain slopes and rocky points (Beebe 1974)
  • Chooses sparse vegetative cover
  • Sea level to high mountain elevations
    • Over 5,500 m (18,044 ft) in Himalayas
  • In general, absent from densely populated areas and intensely farmed areas. (Watson 1997).
  • In historic times, occupied Appalachian mountains of eastern U.S. in areas where trees had been removed by settlers
    • Fire suppression and forest regeneration has helped eliminate much of the open habitat favored by golden eagles (Spofford 1971)
  • One of densest nesting populations in North America found in Denali National Park (McIntyre et al. 2008)

Distribution of the Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle distribution

Golden Eagle distribution.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet. Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).

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