Although long-beaked echidnas are experiencing drastic population declines and are at high risk of extinction, the short-beaked echidna is common and well-protected in Australia.
Due to overhunting and habitat loss, long-beaked echidnas have experienced declines of at least 80% since the 1960s. All are Critically Endangered (IUCN).
See Mongabay article for discussion.
(Alpin et al. 2016)
(Augee et al. 2006)
Short-beaked echidnas are common and protected in Australia, but have become rare in New Guinea due to overhunting.
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