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Sociable Weaver (Philetairus socius) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Altwegg R, Doutrelant C, Anderson MD, Spottiswoode CN, Covas R. 2014. Climate, social factors and research disturbance influence population dynamics in a declining sociable weaver metapopulation. Oecologia. 174:413–425.

BirdLife International. 2012. Philetairus socius. In. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3.

BirdLife International. 2016. Philetairus socius. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2019.1; e.T22718731A94593843; [species assessed 2016 Oct 01; page accessed 2019 Jun 18]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22718731A94593843.en.

Bologna M, Bombi P, Pitzalis M, Turillazzi S. 2007. A previously unreported association between a social wasp and a social passerine bird. Tropical Zoology. 20:211-214.

Brown C, Covas R, Anderson M, Bromberger-Brown M. 2003. Multistate estimates of survival and movement in relation to colony size in the sociable weaver. Behavioral Ecology. 14(4):436-471.

Collias E, Collias N. 1978. Nest building and nesting-behavior of Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius. Ibis. 120(1):1-15. DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1978.tb04994.x

Covas R. 2012. The benefits of long-term studies: 16-year old Sociable Weaver caught at Benfontein Game Reserve. Afring News. 41:11-12.

Covas R, Brown CR, Anderson MD, Brown MB. 2002. Stabilizing selection on body mass in the sociable weaver Philetairus socius. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 269, 1905–1909.

Covas R, Huyser O, Doutrelant C. 2004a. Pygmy Falcon predation of nestlings of their obligate host, the Sociable Weaver. Ostrich. 75(4):325-326. DOI: 10.2989/00306520409485463

Covas R, Brown CR, Anderson MD, Brown MB. 2004b. Juvenile and adult survival in the Sociable Weaver (Philetairus socius), a southern-temperate colonial cooperative breeder in Africa. Auk. 121(4):1199-1207. DOI: 10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121[1199:jaasit];2

Covas R, Dalecky A, Caizergues A, Doutrelant C. 2006. Kin associations and direct vs. indirect genetic benefits in sociable weavers Philetairus socius. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 60: 323–331.

Covas R, du Plessis MA, Doutrelant C. 2008. Helpers in colonial cooperatively breeding sociable weavers Philetairus socius contribute to buffer the effects of adverse breeding conditions. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 63:103-112.

Craig A. 2004. Genus Philetairus (Smith). In: Fry C, Keith S, editors. The Birds of Africa. Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press. p. 72-77.

Craig A, Christie D. 2013. Sociable Weaver (Philetairus socius). In: del Hobo J, Elliott A, Surgical J, Christie D, de Juana E, editors. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Barcelona (ES): Lynx Editions.

Gotch A. 1981. Birds: their Latin names explained. New York (NY): Blandford Press. 348 p.

Hackett S, Kimball R, Reddy S, Bowie R, Braun E, Braun M, Chojnowski J, Cox W, Han K-L, Harshman J et al. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science. 320(5884):1763-1768. DOI: 10.1126/science.1157704

Integrated Taxonomic Information System Database (ITIS). 2014. [updated 2014 Sep 29; accessed 2014 Nov 20].

Kemp A, Hernholdt J, Whyte I, Harrison J. 2001. Birds of the two largest national parks in South Africa: a method to generate estimate of population size for all species and assess their conservation ecology. South African Journal of Science. 97(9/10):393-403.

Lodge W. 1991. Birds alternative names: a world checklist. London (GB): Blandford. 208 p.

Maclean G. 1967. A contribution to the biology of the Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius (Latham) [Dissertation]. Grahamstown (ZA): Rhodes University. 288 p.

Maclean G. 1973a. The Sociable Weaver. Part 1: description, distribution, dispersion, and populations. Ostrich. 44(3-4):176-190. DOI: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9639158

Maclean G. 1973b. The Sociable Weaver, part 2: nest architecture and social organization. Ostrich. 44:191-218. DOI: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9639159

Maclean G. 1973d. The Sociable Weaver, part 4: predators, parasites and symbionts. Ostrich. 44:241-253. DOI: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9639161

Maclean G. 1973e. The Sociable Weaver, part 5: food, feeding, and general behaviour. Ostrich. 44:254-261. DOI: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9639162

Paquet M, Covas R, Chastel O, Parenteau C, Doutrelant C. 2013. Maternal effects in relation to helper presence in the cooperatively breeding sociable weaver. PLoSOne. 8(3): e59336. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059336

Paquet M, Doutrelant C, Hatchwell BJ, Spottiswoode CN, Covas R. 2015. Antagonistic effect of helpers on breeding male and female survival in a cooperatively breeding bird. Journal of Animal Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12377

Rat M, Dijk, van Dijk RE, Covas R, Doutrelant C. 2014. Dominance hierarchies and associated signalling in a cooperative passerine. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. DOI:10.1007/s00265-014-1856-y

Scott SV, Harshman J. 2013. Passeriformes. Perching birds, passerine birds. Version 06 Feb 2013 (under construction). In: The Tree of Life Web Project,

Spottiswoode C. 2007. Phenotypic sorting in morphology and reproductive investment among Sociable Weaver colonies. Oecologia. 154(3):589-600.

UNEP. 2019. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 Jul 03].

van Dijk RE, Kaden JC, Arguelles-Tico A, Beltran LM, Paquet M, Covas R, Doutrelant C, Hatchwell BJ. 2013. The thermoregulatory benefits of the communal nest of sociable weavers Philetairus socius are spatially structured within nests. Journal of Avian Biology. 44(2):102-110. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-048X.2012.05797.x

van Dijk RE, Kaden JC, Dawson DA, Burke R, Hatchwell BJ. 2014. Cooperative investment in public goods is kin directed in communal nests of social birds. Ecology Letters. 17:1141-1148.

White FN, Bartholomew GA, Howell TR. 1975. Thermal significance of nest of Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius - winter observations. Ibis. 117(2):171-179. DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1975.tb04205.x

Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS). Ver 2.0. 2014. [updated 2014 Nov 28; accessed 2014 Nov 28].

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