Describer (Date): Mueller, 1776
Species: Lama guanicoe
Body Weight: 175-265 lbs (80-120 kg)
Body Length: 5.1-6.6 ft (90-125 cm)
Shoulder Height: 5.1-6.6 ft (90-125 cm)
Tail Length: 9-12 in (22-25 cm)
Pelage: Dense, wooly coat
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Parts of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru
Habitat: Grassland, scrub, tree-studded savannas
IUCN Status: Least Concern (2016 assessment)
CITES Appendix: Appendix II
Population in Wild: between 1,500,000-2,200,000, with the estimated number of adults between 1,000,000-1,500,000 (see IUCN website)
Locomotion: Run at 40 mph (64 km/hr); strong swimmers
Activity Cycle: Dirunal
Social Groups: Territorial male with family group; solo territorial males; immature male groups; bands of adult females with young
Diet: Opportunistic feeder; being both a grazer and a browser, eats grass, herbs, and leaves
Predators: Pumas (Puma concolor) and culpeos (Lycalopex culpaeus) on the young
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females 2 yrs.; Males 3 yrs.
Gestation: 11.5 months
Litter Size: Single offspring
Birth weight: 7-15 kg (7-33 lb)
Age at Weaning: 7 months but will resume nursing again when next offspring is born, up until about 13 months.
Longevity: 15-20 years in wild
Feature Fact: The camelid family evolved in North America for some 40 million years before migrating to Asia and South America; guanacos and vicuñas are their wild descendants.
Society Press: The San Diego Zoo received the first pair in 1968.
© 2009-2015 San Diego Zoo Global. Update 2015.
How to cite: Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) Fact Sheet. c2009-2015. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ guanaco.
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)
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