Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) Fact Sheet, 2009
Describer (Date): Mueller, 1776
Species: Lama guanicoe
Body Weight: 175-265 lbs (80-120 kg)
Body Length: 5.1-6.6 ft (90-125 cm)
Shoulder Height: 5.1-6.6 ft (90-125 cm)
Tail Length: 9-12 in (22-25 cm)
Pelage: Dense, wooly coat
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Parts of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru
Habitat: Grassland, scrub, tree-studded savannas
IUCN Status: Least Concern ver 3.1
CITES Appendix: Appendix II
Population in Wild: between 1,500,000-2,200,000, with the estimated number of adults between 1,000,000-1,500,000 (see IUCN website)
Locomotion: Run at 40 mph (64 km/hr); strong swimmers
Activity Cycle: Dirunal
Social Groups: Territorial male with family group; solo territorial males; immature male groups; bands of adult females with young
Diet: Opportunistic feeder; being both a grazer and a browser, eats grass, herbs, and leaves
Predators: Pumas (Puma concolor) and culpeos (Lycalopex culpaeus) on the young
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females 2 yrs.; Males 3 yrs.
Gestation: 11.5 months
Litter Size: Single offspring
Birth weight: 7-15 kg (7-33 lb)
Age at Weaning: 7 months but will resume nursing again when next offspring is born, up until about 13 months.
Longevity: 15-20 years in wild
Feature Fact: The camelid family evolved in North America for some 40 million years before migrating to Asia and South America; guanacos and vicuñas are their wild descendants.
Society Press: The San Diego Zoo received the first pair in 1968.
About This Fact Sheet
© 2009-2015 San Diego Zoo Global. Update 2015.
How to cite: Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) Fact Sheet, 2009. c2009-2015. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/guanaco.
(Note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)
Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.