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Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat


Native to: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru

Distribution: Found from sea level to 12,800 ft (4300 m)  Rarely 16,000 ft (5,300 m)

  • Argentina: range covers most of Patagonia but is highly fragmented.
    • Restricted to western half of central and northern Argentina, along the pre-Andes and Andean mountains to Bolivian border (Baigún et al. 2007).
  • Chile: most are concentrated in the Magallanes and Aysén regions in the south (highest number on Tierra del Fuego island) and Tarapaca region in the north.
  • Bolivia - remnant population in the Chaco region (Cuéllar and Fuentes 2000). Some in southern highlands between Potosi and Chuquisaca (Nuñez, unpublished data).
  • Paraguay - remnant population in the northwestern Chaco (Villalba 2004).
  • Peru - northernmost part of guanaco distribution.


From Atacama in Chile (one of the world’s driest deserts) to Tierra del Fuego (year-round rain).

Occupy 4 of South America’s 10 habitat types (Dinerstein)

  • Desert and xeric shrub lands
  • Montane grasslands
  • Grasslands, savannas and shrub landsTemperate forests

Distribution Map

Guanaco distribution

Guanaco distribution.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet
Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

Page Citations

Dinerstein, (1995)
Gonzalez, (2006)
IUCN, (2009)
Baigún et al, (2007)

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