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Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) Fact Sheet, 2012   Tags: australia, conservation, devil, disease, endangered, fact sheet, mammal, marsupial, pouch, predator, san diego zoo, scavenger, sdzg, tasmania, tasmanian, teeth, tumor  

Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii)
Last Updated: Jan 6, 2017 URL: http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/tasmaniandevil Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) Fact Sheet, 2012

Tasmanian devil balancing on branch

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Dasyuromorphia (most of the carnivorous marsupials in Australia; around 70 species of small marsupials)

Family: Dasyuridae (some 21 genera of small marsupials)

Genus: Sarcophilus

Species: Sarcophilus harrisii - Tasmanian devil

Subspecies: Sarcophilus harrisii harrisii - extant Tasmanian devil
Subspecies: † Sarcophilus harrisii dixonae - extinct Tasmanian devil

Body Weight
Male: 8-14 kg (17.6-30.9 lb)
Female: 5-9 kg (11.0-19.8 lb)

Body Length
Male: 652 mm (2.1 ft)
Female: 570 mm (1.9 ft)

Tail Length
Male: 258 mm (10.2 in)
Female: 244mm (9.6 in)

Pelage
Black fur marked by white on rump and chest

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology

Range
Tasmania

Habitat
Most abundant in eucalyptus forests, woodlands, and coastal scrub.

IUCN Status
Endangered (2008 assessment)

CITES Appendix
Not listed

Other Designations
Listed as an endangered species by the Australian Government

Population in Wild
10,000-25,000 mature individuals; some uncertainty in estimates

Locomotion
Walk, run, good swimming ability. Climb trees.

Activity Cycle
Usually nocturnal. May sunbathe during the day.

Social Groups
Solitary, but feed communally. Interact mostly while feeding and during breeding.

Diet
Scavenge on carcasses, mostly possums and macropods. Ambush, chase, or catch live prey (opportunistically).

Predators
Dingoes, foxes, domestic dogs

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity
Males: Begin mating at 3-4 years of age, but reach physical maturity sooner
Females: 1-2 years old

Gestation
31 days

Litter Size
1-4, with a single young is the least common

Birth Weight
0.18-0.29 g (0.01 oz and less)

Age at Weaning
At about 7 months

Longevity
5-8 years

Feature Facts

  • The largest carnivorous marsupials in the world today
  • Notorious for their unusual vocalizations
  • Make concealed, underground burrows
  • Sharp, non-retractable claws for digging, holding prey, finding food
  • Many blood vessels in their ears; when agitated, their ears become red
  • A facial tumor diseases threantens Tasmanian devils with extinction
 

About This Fact Sheet

© 2012 San Diego Zoo Global

How to cite: Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) Fact Sheet, 2012. c2012. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/tasmaniandevil
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

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