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Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii)


(Hawkins et al. 2008, except as noted) 

  • Now restricted to Tasmania
    • On Bruny Island off the south-eastern coast of Tasmania until around 1900
    • Presently on Robbins Island off the north-west coast of Tasmania
  • Prior to about 600 years ago, found on mainland Australia
  • Populations are continuous across Tasmania, but northwestern individuals are genetically distinct from rest of Tasmania (Jones et al. 2004)


(Hawkins et al. 2008) 

  • Found in all native terrestrial habitats of Tasmania
  • Elevation: sea level to about 1,500 m (4,921 ft)
  • Most abundant in:
    • Open eucalyptus forests
    • Woodlands
    • Coastal scrub
  • Population densities low in (Jones et al. 2004):
    • Dense wet forests
    • Low heath lands
    • Alpine uplands
    • Open grasslands
    • Cleared farmland
  • Make dens in (Owen & Pemberton 2005):
    • Old wombat burrows
    • Riparian vegetation
    • Thick bunch grasses (tussocks)
    • Caves
  • Avoid:
    • Steep slopes
    • Rocky areas

Tasmanian Devil Distribution

Tasmanian Devil distribution

The Tasmanian devil occurs—as you would guess—in Tasmania. However, they once lived in Australia, as well.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet. Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).

Page Citations

Hawkins et al. (2008)
Jones et al. (2004)
Owen & Pemberton (2005)

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