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Vervet Monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat

Distribution

Endemic to eastern and southern Africa

  • Population present in several countries
    • Botswana, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia (Kingdon et al. 2008)

Habitat

Savanna, open woodland, forest-grassland mosaic (Kingdon and Butynski 2008; Kingdon et al. 2008)

  • Common near water (from Kingdon and Butynski 2008; Kingdon et al. 2008; Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe 2013)
    • Rivers, swamps, lakeshores and the coast of the Indian Ocean
  • Associated with several Acacia tree species (from Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe 2013)
    • Including A. xanthophloea, A. tortilis, A.elatior, A. drepanolobium, and A. karroo, among others

Elevation range (Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe 2013)

  • 0 to >2000 m (0 to >6560 ft)

Annual temperature range (Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe 2013)

  • Mean maximum and minimum temperatures
    • Minimums: 7.6-22 oC (46-72 oF)
    • Maximums: 21.2-39 oC (70-102 oF)

Precipitation variable across distribution

  • Mean annual rainfall: 330-1524 mm (13-60 in)(Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe 2013; Pasternak et al. 2013)
    • 250-510 mm (10-20 in); Masai-Amboseli Game Reserve, south-central Kenya (Struhsaker 1967a)
    • 400-1200 mm (16-47 in); Segera Ranch, north-central Kenya (Isbell et al. 1998a; Isbell et al. 2009)
      • Mean: 720 mm (c. 28 in)

Extremely adaptable

  • Live in rural and urban areas (Kingdon and Butynski 2008)

Distribution Map

distribution map of Vervet monkey

Chlorocebus pygerythrus distribution.

Adapted from www.d-maps.com according to IUCN fact sheet.  Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN)

Page Citations

Isbell and Enstam-Jaffe (2013)
Isbell et al. (1998a)
Isbell et al. (2009)
Kingdon and Butynski (2008)
Kingdon et al. (2008)
Pasternak et al. (2013)
Struhsaker (1967a)

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