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Vervet Monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) Fact Sheet: Managed Care

Managed Care

European zoos

  • Population size, as of October 2012 (Old World Monkey TAG 2013)
    • < 170, housed in 41 institutions

North American zoos

  • Population size, as of August 2011 (Old World Monkey TAG 2013)
    • < 60, housed in 13 Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) institutions
    • Most are females
  • Historically housed in (relatively small) single species enclosures
    • More recently, larger, mixed-species exhibits have been constructed in an attempt to meet the social and psychological needs of primates (Old World Monkey TAG 2013)
      • Successful species combinations include vervet (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) with grivet (C. aethiops) and/or red-capped mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus)
      • Extreme caution and vigilant bio-security practices are necessary when pairing primates, as geographically disparate species have distinctive evolutionary histories with disease (e.g. SIV in African species and Herpes B in Asian species)

Notes on taxonomy of zoo populations (Old World Monkey TAG 2013)

  • Historical taxonomic treatment within zoos
    • Included the grivet, tantalus, green, Malbrouck, Bale Mountain, and vervet monkey in a single species
    • Zoo populations identified as vervet monkeys (C. pygerythrus) may be of hybrid origin

San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance (SDZWA)

Grivet, Chlorocebus aethiops

  • First housed at San Diego Zoo in 1921(personal communication T Giezendanner)
    • Origin of animal unknown
  • No individuals since 1984

Vervet, C. pygerythrus (personal communication T Giezendanner)

  • First housed at San Diego Zoo in 1944
  • No individuals since 1968

Page Citations

Old World Monkey TAG (2013)

SDZWA Library Links