Blue-eyed Black Lemur (Eulemur flavifrons)
Image credit: © D. Haring/Duke Lemur Center. All rights reserved.
Used with permission from the artist.
Species: Eulemur flavifrons - blue-eyed black lemur
Body Weight: 1.61-2.19 kg (3.6-4.8 lb)
Head & Body Length: 39-45 cm (1.3-1.5 ft)
Tail Length: 51-65 cm (1.7-2.1 ft)
Pelage: Marked difference in the appearance of males and females. Males overall black in color; females with a creamy-white to gray belly and golden-orange to reddish-tan back.
|Distribution & Status||Behavior & Ecology|
Range: Limited to a small region within northwestern Madagascar on the Sahamalaza Peninsula and adjacent mainland.
Habitat: Forest inhabitant.
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered (2018 assessment)
CITES: Appendix I
Population in Wild: c. 2,780-6,950 individuals. Among the 25 most threatened primates in the world (in 2014).
Locomotion: Move rapidly on all four limbs through trees. Leap to cross gaps in the forest canopy.
Activity Cycle: Active at day and during portions of the night. Peak activity typically near dawn and dusk.
Social Groups: Live in multi-male, multi-female groups. Core groups include 1-2 adult females, accompanied by 1-2 subadult females. Males are typically transient.
Diet: Vegetarian; animals primarily eat fruit and leaves from a wide variety of plants.
Predators: Fossa, Henst's Goshawk, Madagascar Harrier-hawk, Malagasy Ground Boa, Nile Crocodile, and humans.
|Reproduction & Development||Species Highlights|
Sexual Maturity: Females first reproduce c. 3 years of age.
Gestation: 120 or more days
Litter Size: 1 infant; twins uncommon
Interbirth Interval: 319-410 days
Age at Weaning: 24-28 weeks
Longevity: Typical lifespan in the wild not known. In managed care, animals often survive 20 or more years. Maximum longevity 32 years, a female housed in a European zoological facility.
© 2015-2020 San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. IUCN Status updated Oct 2020.
How to cite: Blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons) Fact Sheet. c2015-2020. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/ blue-eyed_black_lemur.
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)
Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
We wish to thank Guy Randriatahina for providing expert content review of this fact sheet.
Mr. Randriatahina is among the first researchers to have worked with the blue-eyed black lemur in their natural habitat. He has served as the country representative of the AEECL (European Zoos for lemur study and conservation) since 2008.