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Blue-eyed Black Lemur (Eulemur flavifrons) Fact Sheet: Distribution & Habitat


Northwestern Madagascar (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014 unless otherwise noted)

  • Limited distribution
    • Sahamalaza Peninsula and adjacent mainland
      • Mainland population confined to a narrow stretch of forest
        • Extending from near Befotaka in the south to the Manongarivo mountains in the north
        • Bound by rivers to the south, east, and north
          • Maevarano River serves as the southern boundary
          • Sandrakota River serves as the eastern boundary
          • Portions of the Andranomalaza River serve as the northern boundary

Hybrid zone (from Meyers et al. 1989; Mittermeier et al. 2010 unless otherwise noted)

  • Mates with Eulemur macaco (the black lemur)north of the Andranomalaza River
    • Regions of the Manongarivo mountains and in the foothills of the southern Sambirano (including in the Manongarivo Special Reserve)
    • Appearance of hybrids (from Meyers et al. 1989; Rabarivola et al. 1991; Schwitzer et al. 2013)
      • Resemble E. flavifrons though eyes are light brown
        • Lack ear tufts of E. macaco


Forest inhabitant (from Andriaholinirina et al. 2014 unless otherwise noted)

  • Disturbed primary and secondary tropical forests; sub-humid forests
    • Regionally within the transition zone between the Sambirano region in the north and the western dry deciduous forest in the south

Climate (from Schwitzer et al. 2007b)

  • Region characterized by distinctive seasonal climate patterns
    • Dry season lasts from May to October
      • Coolest temperatures typically in August
    • Rainy season lasts November-April
      • Warmest temperatures typically in November
      • Most rain falls January-February
  • Mean annual precipitation
    • 1,600 mm (c. 63 in)
  • Temperature range
    • 20.6-32.0oC (69-90 oF) (maximum and minimum averages)

Elevation range

  • 0-1,200 m (0-3,937 ft) (Andriaholinirina et al. 2014)

Distribution Map

distribution map blue-eyed black lemur

Blue-eyed black lemur distribution.

Adapted from according to IUCN fact sheet. Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).

Page Citations

Andriaholinirina et al. (2014)
Meyers et al. (1989)
Mittermeier et al. (2010)
Rabarivola et al. (1991)
Schwitzer et al. (2007b)
Schwitzer et al. (2013)

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