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Blue-eyed Black Lemur (Eulemur flavifrons) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Andriaholinirina N, Baden A, Blanco M, Chikhi L, Cooke A, Davies N, Dolch R, Donati G, Ganzhorn J, Golden C et al. 2014. Eulemur flavifrons. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018-1; e.T8211A16117351 [species assessed 2012 Jul 07; page accessed 2018 Aug 28]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T8211A16117351.en.

Archie E, Digby L. 1999. Juvenile dominance in Eulemur macaco flavifrons: the influence of sex and maternal rank. Folia Primatologica. 70(5):277-281. DOI: 10.1159/000021708

AZA (Association of Zoos & Aquariums). 2024. Species Survival Statistics [data table report]. Chicago (IL): Lincoln Park Zoo/AZA Population Management Center; [accessed 2024 Feb 28; data table last updated Jan 2024].

Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2009. The eponym dictionary of mammals. Baltimore (MD): The Johns Hopkins University Press. 574 p.

Bettinger T, Porton I, Christman J. 2010. Population Analysis and Breeding and Transfer Plan Blue-eyed Black Lemur (Eulemur macaco flavifrons). AZA Species Survival Plan Program. Lake Buena Vista (FL): Disney's Animal Kingdom. 17 p.

Cuozzo F, Yamashita N. 2006. Impact of ecology on the teeth of extant lemurs: a review of dental adaptations, function, and life history. In: Gould L, Sauther M, editors. Lemurs: ecology and adaptation. New York (NY): Springer. p. 67-96.

de Michelis S, di Trani C, Moisson P. 1999. Preliminary results on the behavioral development of three new-born lemurs (Eulemur rubriventer, Eulemur macaco flavifrons) at Mulhouse Zoo. Folia Primatologica. 70(4):215-216.

Digby L. 1999. Targeting aggression in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons). Primates. 40(4):613-617.

Digby L, Stevens A. 2007. Maintenance of female dominance in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur macaco flavifrons) and gray bamboo lemurs (Hapalemur griseus griseus) under semi-free-ranging and captive conditions. Zoo Biology. 26(5):345-361.

Elliott D. 1913. A Review of the Primates. New York (NY): American Museum of Natural History. p. 157-158.

Gomis D, Moisson P, de Michelis S. 2009. Nutrition Guidelines for Crowned lemurs, Red-bellied Lemurs, and Sclater's Black Lemurs. Mulhouse (FR): Mulhouse Zoo. 56 p.

Hill O. 1953. Primates: comparative anatomy and taxonomy: Strepsirhini. New York (NY): Interscience Publishers, Inc. 798 p.

Hovarth J, Weisrock D, Embry S, Fiorentino I, Balhoff J, Kappeler P, Wray G, Willard H, Yoder A. 2008. Development and application of a phylogenomic toolkit: resolving the evolutionary history of Madagascar's lemurs. Genome Research. 18(3):489-499.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 2015. [online database]. [updated 2015 Jan 5; accessed 2014 Feb 12].

Koenders L, Rumpler Y, Ratsirarson J, Peyrieras A. 1985. Lemur macaco flavifrons (Gray, 1867): a rediscovered subspecies of primate. Folia Primatologica. 44(3-4):210-215. DOI: 10.1159/000156214

Lernould J-M. 2003. Black lemur Eulemur macaco EEP, Sclater's Lemur Eulemur macaco flavifrons EEP studbook. Mulhouse (FR): Mulhouse Zoo. 72 p.

Meyer WK, Zhang S, Hayakawa S, Imai H, Przeworski M. 2013. The convergent evolution of blue iris pigmentation in primates took distinct molecular paths. Am J Phys Anthropol. 151(3):398–407. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22280.

Meyers D, Rabarivola C, Rumpler Y. 1989. Distribution and conservation of Sclater's lemur: implications of a morphological cline. Primate Conservation. 10:77-80.

Mittermeier R. 2010. Lemurs of Madagascar. Washington (DC): Conservation International. 767 p.

Moisson P, Rumpler Y, Lernould J-M, Nogge G. 1999. Creation of a natural reserve for Eulemur macaco flavifrons in the north-west of Madagascar: an update. Folia Primatologica. 70(4):201.

Porton I. 2012. AZA Studbook for the Black Lemur (Eulemur macaco macaco and Eulemur macaco flavifrons). Saint Louis (MO): Saint Louis Zoo. 77 p.

Rabarivola C, Meyers D, Rumpler Y. 1991. Distribution and morphological characters of the intermediate forms between the black lemur (Eulemur macaco macaco) and Sclater's lemur (E. m. flavifrons). Primates. 32(2):269-273.

Randriatahina G, Roeder JJ. 2013. Group size, composition and stability in a wild population of blue eyed black lemurs (Eulemur flavifrons). In: Masters J, Gamba M, Genin F, Tuttle, editors: Leaping ahead. Advances in Prosimian Biology. New York (NY): Springer. p 127-136.

Randriatahina G, Volampeno M. 2013. Predation on two lemur species in Sahamalaza Peninsula, North-western Madagascar In: Masters J, Gamba M, Genin F, Tuttle, editors: Leaping ahead. Advances in Prosimian Biology. New York (NY): Springer. p 105-110.

Schwitzer C, Lork A. 2004. Project Sahamalaza-Iles Radama: Ein Internationales Schutzprojekt fur den Sclater's Maki (Eulemur macaco flavifrons Gray, 1867). Zeitschrift des Kolner Zoo. 4:75-84.

Schwitzer C, Mittermeier R, Louis E, Richardson M. 2013. Family Lemuridae (bamboo, true, and ruffed lemurs). In: Mittermeier R, Rylands A, Wilson D, editors. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Barcelona (ES): Lynx Edicions. p. 90-141.

Schwitzer C, Schwitzer N, Randriatahina G, Rabaricola V, Kaumanns W. 2006. "Programme Sahamalaza": a new perspective for the in situ and ex situ study and conservation of the blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur macaco flavifrons) in a fragmented habitat. In: Schwitzer C, et al., editors. Proceedings of the German Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Science. Berlin (DE): Concept Verlag. p. 135-149.

Schwitzer N, Clough D, Zahner H, Kaumanns W, Kappeler P, Schwitzer C. 2010. Parasite prevalence in blue-eyed black lemurs (Eulemur flavifrons) in differently degraded forest fragments. Endangered Species Research. 12(3):215-225. DOI: 10.3354/esr00304

Schwitzer N, Kaumanns W, Seitz P, Schwitzer C. 2007. Cathemeral activity patterns of the blue-eyed black lemur Eulemur macaco flavifrons in intact and degraded forest fragments. Endangered Species Research. 3(2):239-247.

Schwitzer N, Randriatahina G, Kaumanns W, Hoffmeister D, Schwitzer C. 2007. Habitat utilization of blue-eyed black lemurs, Eulemur macaco flavifrons (Gray, 1867), in primary and altered forest fragments. Primate Conservation. 22:79-87.

Terranova C, Coffman B. 1997. Body weights of wild and captive lemurs. Zoo Biology. 16(1):17-30. DOI: 10.1002/ (SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:1<17::AID-ZOO4>3.0.CO;2-E

UNEP. 2018. Species+: Eulemur macaco [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2018 Oct 26].

Volampeno M. 2009. Reproductive behaviour and habitat use in the blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons, Gray 1867) at the Sahamalaza - Iles Radama National Park, Madagascar. [Pietermaritzburg (ZA)]: University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg Campus. 147 p.

Volampeno M, Master J, Downs C. 2010. A population estimate of blue-eyed black lemurs in Ankarafa Forest, Sahamalaza-Iles Radama National Park, Madagascar. Folia Primatologica. 81(5):305-314. DOI: 10.1159/000322231

Volampeno M, Masters J, Downs C. 2011. Home range size in the blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons): a comparison between dry and wet seasons. Mammalian Biology. 76(2):157-164. DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2010.04.005

Volampeno M, Randriatahina G, Kalle R, Wilson A-L, Downs C. 2015. A preliminary population viability analysis of the critically endangered blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons). African Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/aje.12213.

Volampeno S, Randriatahina G, Schwitzer C, Seiler M. 2020. Eulemur flavifrons. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2020.2; e.T8211A115563094 [species assessed 2018 May 07; page accessed 2020 Oct 28]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T8211A115563094.en.

Yoder AD, Yang Z. 2004. Divergence dates for Malagasy lemurs estimated from multiple gene loci: geological and evolutionary context. Molecular Ecology. 13(4):757-773. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2004.02106.x

ZIMS (Zoological Information Management System). Ver 2.1. 2015. [accessed 2018 Sept 04]. 

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