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Capybaras (Hydrochoerus spp.) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Arias, J. F., F. García, M. Rivera, R. Lopez, 1997. Trypanosoma evansi in capybara from Venezuela. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33(2): 359-361

Angerami, R. N. M. R. Resende, A. F. Feltrin, G. Katz, E. Nascimento, R. Stucchi, L Silva, 2006. Brazilian Spotted fever: A case series from an endemic area in southeastern Brazil. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1078:170-172

Baretto, G. R. and E. Herrera, 1998. Foraging patterns of capybaras in a seasonally flooded savanna of Venezuela. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14(1): 87-98.

Borges, L., and I. G. Colares 2007. Feeding habits of capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydochaeris, Linnaeus 1766), in the Ecological Reserve of Taim (ESEC - Taim) - south of Brazil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 50(3)

Chapman, C. 1991. Reproductive biology of captive capybara. Journal of Mammology 72(1):206-208

Cueto, G. R., R. Allekotte, F. O. Kravetz, 2000. Scurvy in capybaras bred in captivity in Argentine. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 36(1): 97-101

Delgado C and Emmons L. 2016. Lesser capybara. Hydrochoerus isthmius. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018.1; e.T136277A22189896 [species assessed 2016 Mar 01; page accessed 2018 Nov 10]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136277A22189896.en.

Deméré, T. 2007. A Hydrochoerus species of capybara. Fossil Field Guide, Fossil Mysteries

Deschamps, C., A. Olivares, E. Vieytes, M. Vucetich, 2007. Ontogeny and Diversity of the Oldest Capybaras (Rodentia: Hydrochoeridae); Late Miocene of Argentina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(3):383-692

Emmons, L. H., 1990. Neotropical rainforest animals: a field guide. Chicago University Press. 281 p.

Ferraz, K. M., M. Lechevalier, H. Couto, L. M. Verdade 2003. Damage caused by capybaras in a corn field, São Paulo. Brazil. Scientia Agricola 60 (1):191-194

Herrera, E. 1992. Size of testes and scent glands in capybaras, Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Rodentia: Caviomorpha). Journal of Mammology 73(4):871-875

Herrera, E. and D. W. Macdonald, 1989. Resource utilization and territoriality in group-living capybara. Journal of Animal Ecology 58(2): 667-679.

Herrera, E. and D. W. Macdonald, 1993. Aggression, dominance, and mating success among capybara males (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris). Behavioral Ecology 4(2): 114-119

Heijden, K. M., M. P. Szabó, M. I. Egami, M. C. Pereira, E. R. Matushima 2005. Histopathology of tick-bite lesions in naturally infested capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) in Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology 37(3-4): 245-255

Hoogesteijn, R. and C. A. Chapman., 1997. Large ranches as conservation tools in the Venezuelan llanos. Oryx 31:274-284

Kurtén, B. and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene Mammals of North America p. 274

Labruna, M. B., T. Whitworth, M. C. Horta, D. H. Douyer, J. W. McBride, A. Piter, V. Popov, S. M. Gennari, D. H. Walker, 2004. Rickettsia species infecting Amblyommacooperi ticks from an area in the state of Sao Paulo Brazil, where Brazilian Spotted Fever is endemic. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42(1):90-98

Labruna, M. B., C. Pacheco, A. C. Ataliba, M. P. Szabó, 2007. Human parasitism by the capybara tick, Amblyomma dubitatum (Acari:Ixodidae). Entomological News: 118 (1):77-80.

Lord, R. D. 2009. Capybaras: a natural history of the world's largest rodent. Baltimore (Maryland): Johns Hopkins University Press; p.10.

Lord, V. R. and R. Flores, 1983. Brucella spp. from the capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) in Venezuela: serologic studies and metabolic characterization of isolates. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 19(4):308-314

Lord-Rexford, D. 1994. A descriptive account of capybara behavior. Studies on neotropical fauna and environment. 29(1): 11-22

Macdonald, D. W. , 1981a. Dwindling resources and the social behavior of capybaras. (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) (Mammalia). Journal of Zoology. 194:371-391

Macdonald, D. W., 1981 b. Feeding associations between capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris and some bird species. Ibis. 123 (3):364-366

Macdonald. D. W., K. Krantz, et al., 1984. Behavioral, anatomical and chemical aspects of scent marking among capybaras Hydrochaeris-hypdrochaeris rodentia caviomorpha. Journal of Zoology 202(3):341-360

Macdonald, D. W. and E. Herrera 2001. Encyclopedia of mammals, D. W. Macdonald, ed. Andromeda Oxford Ltd. pp.678-681

McKenna, M. and S. Bell 1997. Classification of mammals above the species level. Columbia University Press. pp. 201-203

Mead, J. S. Swift, R. White, H. G McDonald, Arturo Baez, 2007. Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) Glyptodont and Pampathere (Xenarthra, Cingulata) from Sonora, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, 24(3):439-449. [PDF]

Meireles, M. V., R. M. Soares, F. Bonello, S. M. Gennari, 2007. Natural infection with zoonotic subtype of Cryptosporidium parvum in Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) from Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology. 147 (1-2):166-170.

Moreira, J. R. and D. W. Macdonald, 1996. Capybara use and conservation in South America. pp. 88-101. In: V. J. Taylor and N. Dunstone (eds), The exploitation of mammal populations. Chapman and Hall, London, UK

Mones, A. and J. Ojasti, 1986. Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris. Mammalian Species. American Society of Mammalogists 264:1-7

Murphey, R. M., J. S. Mariano, et al. 1985. Behavioral observations in a capybara colony (Hydrochaeris hypdrochaeris). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 14: 89-98.

Nogueira, S. S., S. L. Nogueira-Filho, E. Otta, C. T. dos Santos Dias, A. de Carvalho, 1999. Determination of the causes of infanticide in capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) groups in captivity. Applied Animal Behavior 62(4): 351-357.

Nowak, R. M., 1999. Walker's mammals of the world. 6th edition. Vol. II. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

Ojasti, J. 1968. Notes on the mating behavior of the capybara. Journal of mammology 49(5);534-535

Ojasti, J. 1991. Human exploitation of capybara, Robinson, J. G. and K. H. Redford (eds) Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation. pp 236-252.

Paula, T. A. et al, 1999. Seminiferous epithelium cycle and its duration in capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris). Tissue and Cell 31(3): 327-334.

Pereira, J. N., D. M. Jenkinson, et al, 1980. The structure of the skin of capybara. Acta. Cient. Venezolana 31:361-364

Pinto, G. R., K. M. Ferraz, H. T. do Couto, L. M. Verdade, 2006. Detectability of capybaras in forested habitats. Biota Neotropica 6(1)

Quintana, R.D., S. Monge, A.I. Malvárez, 1998. Feeding patterns of capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Rodentia, Hydrochaeridae) and cattle in the non-insular area of the Lower Delta of the Paraná River, Argentina. Mammalia: 62(1):37-52

Reid F.. 2018. Capybara. Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018.1; e.T10300A22190005 [species assessed 2016 Mar 01; page accessed 2018 Nov 10]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T10300A22190005.en.

Rowe, D. and R. Honeycutt, 2002. Phylogenetic relationships, ecological correlates, and molecular evolution within the Cavioidea (Mammalia, Rodentia). Molecular Biology and Evolution 19:263-277.

Rowlands, I. W. and B. J. Weir, (eds). 1974. The biology of hystricomorph rodents. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, No. 34.

Saraiva, V. 2004. Foot-and-mouth disease in the Americas: Epidemiology and ecologic changes affecting distribution. annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1026:73-78

Schaller, G.B., and J. M. Vasconcelos, 1978. Jaguar predation on capybara. Zeitschrift Fur Saugetierkunde 43(5):296-301.

Siqueira da Cunha Nogueira, S. L. Luiz Gama Nogueira-Filho et al., 1999. Determination of the causes of infanticide in capybara (Hydrochaeriis hypdrochaeris) groups in captivity. Applied Animal Behavior Science 62:351-357.

Smith, N. 1980. Caimans, capybaras, otters, manatees, and man in Amazonia. Biological Conservation 19: 177-187

Tomazzoni, A. E. Pedo, S. Hartz 2005. Feeding associations between capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus) (Mammalia, Hydrochaeridae) and birds in the Lami Biological Reserve, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22(3):712-717 [PDF]

UNEP. 2018. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2018 Nov 10].

Vucetich, M. G., C. M. Deschamps, A. I. Olivares, M. T. Dozo, 2005. Capybaras, size, shape, and time: a model kit. Acta Paleontologica Polonica 50 (2):259-272

Verdade, L.M. and K. M. Ferraz, 2006. Capybaras in an anthropogenic habitat in southeastern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology 66(1b) 371-378.

Weigl, R. 2005. Longevity of animals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48. Stuttgart, Germany. p. 193

Wilson, D. E., D. M. Reeder, 1993. Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. pp. 1538-1500

Wilson DE, Mittermeier RA, editors. Handbook of the mammals of the world, volume 6. Barcelona (Spain): Lynx Edicions; c2016. Family Caviidae, capybaras and maras; p. 406-438.

Wyss A.R. J. J. Flynn, M. A. Norell, C. C Swisher III, R. Charrier, M. J. Novacek, M. C. McKenna, 1993. South American's earliest rodent and recognition of a new interval of mammalian evolution. Nature 356:434-437

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