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Forest Buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Forest Buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus)

Population Status

Population estimates

  • Very rough estimate of 56,000 individuals (based on estimate of 60,000 from East 1999 and taking 15% population decline) (IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2019)
    • No rigorous estimates
  • Forest buffalo subspecies declining across its range (Eniang et al. 2017)
    • Population in Nigeria appears to be threatened (Eniang et al. 2017)

Conservation Status

IUCN Status

  • At species level, African buffalo listed as Near Threatened (2018 assessment) (IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2019)
    • No separate assessment for forest buffalo subspecies


  • Not listed (UNEP 2019)

Endangered Species Act

  • Not listed

Threats to Survival

  • Habitat loss resulting from agricultural development and competition from domestic cattle
  • Diseases, particularly those transmitted from domestic livestock
  • Uncontrolled hunting
  • Drought

Forest Buffalo

Forest Buffalos

Populations of forest buffalo are declining, but are not considered to be in danger of extinction.

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Baillie & Groombridge (1996)
East (1998)
Kingdon (1997)
Meester & Setzer (1971)
Wijnstekers (1995)

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