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Mangshan Pit Viper (Protobothrops mangshanensis) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Mangshan Pit Viper (Protobothrops mangshanensis)

Population Status

Global population

  • Approximately 460 individuals (based on 2007-2010 data) (Gong et al. 2013)
  • Other estimates from ca. 2010 similarly estimate the population to be about 300-500 individuals (Boyer 2010; Zhou 2012)

Conservation Status



Other (Zhou 2012)

  • Present in the Mangshan Natural Nature Reserve
  • Breeding in managed care has been successful in Germany, China, and the US

San Diego Zoo's conservation efforts (Boyer 2010)

  • Working to establish a breeding program and studbook
  • Helping sponsor a conservation program in China and conducting surveys of critical habitat

Threats to Survival

(Boyer 2010)

  • Human illegal hunting for food and trade
  • Global climate change
  • Illegal logging
  • Capture for terrarium trade not a primary threat

An Eye-catching, Endangered Species

Face of a Mangshan pit viper

The small range of the Mangshan pit viper makes it vulnerable to extinction.

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. All rights reserved.

Page Citations

Boyer (2010)

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