Skip to Main Content
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance logo
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library logo

Mountain Yellow-legged Frog (Rana muscosa) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Backlin, A.R., C.J. Hitchcock, R.N. Fisher, M.L. Warburton, P. Trenham, S.A. Hathaway, C.S. Brehme.  2004.  Natural History and recovery analysis for the southern California populations of the Mountain Yellow-legged Frog (Rana muscosa), 2003:  U.S. Geological Survey Final Report prepared for Angeles and San Bernardino National Forests, U.S. Forest Service, 96 p. 

Backlin, A. R., et al. 2015. The precarious persistence of the Endangered Sierra Madre yellow-legged frog Rana muscosa in southern California, USA. Oryx 49(01): 157-164.
Bennett, A. F.. and W. R. Dawson. 1976. Metabolism. In: C. Gans and W. R. Dawson, eds.  Biology of the Reptilia 3:127-223.  London: Academic Press. 

Berger, L., R. Speare, P. Daszak, D.E. Green, A.A. Cunningham, C.L. Goggin, R. Slocombe, M.A. Ragan, A.D. Hyatt, K.R. McDonald, H.B. Hines, K.R. Lips, G. Marantelli, H. Parkes.  Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 95:9031-9036.

Bradford, D.F. 1984. Temperature modulation in a high-elevation amphibian, Rana muscosa. Copeia, 1984:966–976.

Camp, C.L. 1917b. Notes on the systematic status of the toads and frogs of California. University of California Publications in Zoology, 17:115–125.

Calatayud N. 2015. Frogs for the Future. Wildlife Field Notes: Firsthand Experiences with Saving Endangered Species. San Diego Zoo Global. [accessed 2015 September 9]. 

Fellers, G.M., D.E. Green, J.E. Longore. Chytridiomycosis in the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog. Copeia, 2001: 945-953.[0945:OCITMY]2.0.CO;2

Grinnell, J. and C.L. Camp. 1917. A distributional list of the amphibians and reptiles of California. University Publications in Zoology, 17:127-208.

Gruia-Gray, J. and  S.S. Desser. 1992. Cytopathological observations and epizootiology of frog erythrocyte virus in bullfrogs Rana catesbeiana).  Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 28:34-41.

Halliday, T.R. and K. Adler. 1986. The Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. New York: Facts on File Inc.

Hammerson, G. 2008. Rana mucosa.  The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2019.1; e.T19177A8847938 [species assessed 2008 Jan 01; page accessed 2019 May 21].

Hutchison., V. H.. and W. G. Whitford. 1966. Survival and underwater buccal movements in submerged anurans. Herpetologica, 22: 122- 127.

Hutchinson, V.H. and R.K. Dupre. 1992. Thermoregulation. In: M.E. Feder and W.W. Burggren, eds. Environmental Physiology of Amphibians, p 206-249.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Science Blog, SDZWA.

IUCN. 2008. [Copyright 2006]  Visited April 9, 2008.

Jameson, D.L. 1955. Evolutionary trends in the courtship and mating behavior of Salientia. Systematic Zoology, 4(3):105-119.

Jacobson, E.R. 1994. Veterinary Procedures for the acquisition and release of captive-bred herpetofauna. In: J.B. Murphy, K. Adler, J.T. Collins, G. Durrell, eds. Captive Management and Conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles, p 109-118. Hays: Society for Amphibians and Reptiles.

Jennings, M.R. and M.P. Hayes. 1994. Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern in California. Final Report to the California Department of Fish and Game, Inland Fisheries Division, Rancho Cordova, CA. 255 pp.

Lemm, J.M. 2006. Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of the San Diego Region, p93-95. Berkley: University of California Press.

Livezey, R.L. and A.H. Wright. 1945. Descriptions of four salientian eggs. American Midland Naturalist 34:701–706.

Long, M.L. 1970. Food habits of Rana muscosa (Anura: Ranidae). Herpeton, Journal of the Southwestern Herpetologists Society, 5:1–8.

Macey, J.R., J. Stasburg, J. Brisson, V.T. Vrendenburg, M. Jennings and A. Larson. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics of western North American frogs of the Rana boylii species group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 18:131–143.

Mathews, K. R. and K.L. Pope. 1999. A telemetric study of the movement patterns and habitat use of Rana muscosa, Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog, in a high elevation Basin in Kings Canyon National Park, California.  Journal of Herpetology, 33(4): 615-624.

Monnet, J.M. and M. I. Cherry. 2002. Sexual size dimorphism in anurans. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 269:2301–2307.

The Mountain Yellow Legged Frog Site. 2008. Ronald A. Knapp; [accessed 2015 Nov 11]. Site text, new site design (2008), and site maintenance by Roland Knapp.

Mullally, D.P. 1953. Observations on the ecology of the toad Bufo canorus. Copeia, 1953:182–183.

Mullaly, D. P. and J. D. Cunningham. 1956. Ecological relations of Rana muscosa at high elevations in the Sierra Nevada. Herpetologica 12: 189-198. 

Nash, H. 2008.  [Copyright 1997-2008] Visited April 9, 2008.

Newcomer, C.E., M.R. Anver, J.L. Simmons, B.W. Wilcke, G.W. Nace. 1982. Spontaneous and experimental infections of Xenopus laevis with Chylamidia psitacci .  Laboratory Animal Science, 32: 680-686.

San Diego Zoo Global Press Releases. c2003-2016. Provided by Cathy Bevis, San Diego Zoo Global Public Relations.

Santana, F.E., et al. 2015. Chilled frogs are hot: hibernation and reproduction of the Endangered mountain yellow-legged frog Rana muscosa. Endangered Species Research 27(1): 43-51.

Shaffer, H. B., G.M. Fellers, A. Magee, S.R.Voss.  2000.  The genetics of amphibian declines: Population substructure and molecular differentiation in the Yosemite Toad, Bufo canorus (Anura, Bufonidae) based on single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Ecology, 9: 245–257.

Stebbins, R.C. 1951. Amphibians of Western North America. Berkeley: University of California Press.

UNEP. 2019. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 May 21]. 

United States Fish and Wildlife Service.  2002. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Determination of Endangered Status for the Southern California Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment of the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa) .  In: Federal Register 67(127):44382-44392.  Washington D.C.: United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2006. Designation of critical habitat for the southern California distinct population segment of the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa).  In: Federal Register 71(178):54344-54386. Washington D.C.: United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2012. Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa) Southern California Distinct Population Segment 5-year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, Carlsbad, California.:U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Van Beurden, E. K. 1980. Energy metabolism of dormant Australian water-holding frogs (Cyclorana platycephalus). Copeia, 1980:787-799.

Vredenburg, V., G.M. Fellers, C. Davidson.  2008.  [Copyright 2000-2008]  Amphibian Decline, The Conservation Status of United States Species.  Accessed April 9, 2008. 

Vredenburg, V. T., R. Bingham, R. Knapp, J.A.T. Morgan, C. Moritz, and D. Wake. 2007. Concordant molecular and phenotypic data delineate new taxonomy and conservation priorities for the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog. Journal of Zoology 271: 361-374.

Vredenburg V, Fellers G, Davidson C. 2005. Rana muscosa. In: Lannoo MJ, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press. p. 563-566.

Wolf, K., G.L. Bullock, C.E. Dunbar, M.C. Quimby. 1968. Tadpole edema virus: a viscerotropic pathogen for anuran amphibians. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 118:253-262.

Wolf, K., G.L. Bullock, C.E. Dunbar, M.C. Quimby. 1969. Tadpole edema virus: parthenogenesis and growth studies and additional sites of virus infected bullfrog tadpoles, p. 326-336. In: M. Mizell, ed. The Biology of Amphibian tumors.  New York:  Springer-Verlag.

Wright, A.H. and A.A. Wright. 1933. Handbook of Frogs and Toads. Ithaca, New York: Comstock Press.

Zeiner, D. C., W. F. Laudenslayer, Jr., and K. E. Mayer (compiling editors). 1988. California’s wildlife. Volume I. Amphibians and reptiles. California Statewide Wildlife Habitat Relationships System, California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, California.

Zweifel, R.G.  1955.  Ecology, distribution, and systematics of frogs of the Rana boylii group.  University of California Publications in Zoology, 54: 207-292.

Additional Internet Resources

SDZWA Library Links