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Southern Alligator Lizard (Elgaria multicarinata) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

Southern Alligator Lizard (Elgaria multicarinata)


Baird, S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia 1858: 253-256.

Behler, J. L., and F. W. King. 1979. The Audobon Society field guide to North American reptiles and amphibians. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Burrage, B. R., 1965. Notes on the eggs and young of the lizards Gerrhonotus multicarinatus webbi and G. m. nanus. Copia, 55(4):512

Brattstrom, B. H. 1965. Body temperatures of reptiles. American Midland Naturalist. 73:376-422

Cowles, R. B., 1946. Swimming ability of the alligator lizard. Copia, 2: 105

Cunningham. J. D. 1956, Food habits of the San Diego Alligator Lizard. Herpetologicia, 12:225-230

Dawson, w. R. and J. R. Templeton, 1966. Physiological responses to temperature in the alligator lizard, Gerrhonotus multicarinatus. Ecology 47:759-765

Ditmars, Raymond, 1933. Reptiles of the World. Macmillan Company, New York. pp. 27 - 114.

Gillette. J. R., 2008. Pers. communication on territoriality.

Goldberg, S. R. 1972. Reproduction in the southern alligator lizard Gerrhonotus multicarinatus. Herpetologica 28:267-273

Goldberg, S. R. and C. R. Bursey, 1990. Helminths of the San Diego Alligator Lizard (Gerrhonotus multicarinatus webbi) (Anguidae). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 26(2):297-298

Hammerson GA, Hollingsworth B. 2007. Elgaria multicarinata. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018.1; e.T63703A12707115 [species assessed 2007 Mar 01; page accessed 2018 Nov 10]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63703A12707115.en.

Kingsbury, B. A., 1994. Thermal constraints and eurythermy in the lizard Elgaria multicarinata. Herpetologica 50(3): 266-273

King, F. W., 1931. Food habits of alligator lizards. Yosemite naturalist notes 10:76

Lemm, J. 2006. Field guide to amphibians and retiles of the San Diego region. University of California Press. pp. 123-126

Macey, J.R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, B. Tuniyev, N. Orlov, T. Papenfuss, 1999. Molecular phylogenetics, tRNA evolution, and biogeography in anguid lizards and related taxonomic families. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 12(3): 250-272

Morey, S., Southern alligator lizard. California wildlife habitat relationships system, California Department of Fish and Game, retrieved October 2008 (

Pough, F. H. , R. M. Andrews, J. E. Cadle, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitzky, K. D. Wells, 1998. Herpetology. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey. p. 106

Rutherford, P. L. and P. T. Gregory, 2003. Habitat use and movement patterns of Northern Alligator Lizards (Elgaria coerulea) and Western Skinks (Eumeces skiltonianus) in southeastern British Columbia. Journal of Herpetology. 37(1): 98-106

Stebbins, R.C., 1966. A field guide to western reptiles and amphibians. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. pp. 133-137

Stebbins, R. C., 1985. A field guide to western reptiles and amphibians. Second Edition, Revised. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 336 pp.

Stebbins, R. C., 2003. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 533

UNEP. 2019. Species+: Elgaria multicarinata [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 Aug 20]. 

Wiens, J. J. and J. L. Slingluff, 2000. How lizards turn into snakes: A phylogenetic analysis of body-form evolution in anguid lizards 55(11):2303-2318

Wright, S. A., R. S. Lane, J. R. Clover, 1998. Infestation of the southern alligator lizard (Squamata:Anguidae by Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) and its susceptibility to Borrelia burgdorferi. Journal of Medical Entomology, 35(6): 1044-1049.

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