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- Southern alligator lizards occur from Washington to northern Baja California, west of the Cascade-Sierra Nevada crest, including
- Islands off southern California and northern Baja California
- Isolated populations east of the Sierra Nevada mountains
- Northern alligator lizards overlap much of the U.S. range of the southern species
- Found at sea level to 2,286 m (7,500 ft)
- Countries: United States and Mexico
- Link to IUCN map
- Occupies coastal sage, chaparral, grasslands, oak woodlands, pinon-juniper woodlands, some pine woodlands, and forests.
- In dry zones will be found in more abundant plant cover near water
- Near human habitation, found under wood piles, rocks, debris
- Most abundant in natural areas in denser ground cover where there are few open spaces (Kingsbury 1994)
Hammerson & Hollingsworth (IUCN 2008)