This is the "Summary" page of the "Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet, 1998" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content
sdzglibrarybanner San Diego Zoo Global Library

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet, 1998   Tags: carnivore, dragon, fact sheet, indonesia, island, komodo, lizard, reptile, san diego zoo, sdzg, venom  

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis)
Last Updated: Mar 22, 2017 URL: http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/komododragon Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Summary Print Page
  Search: 
 
 

Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet, 1998

Komodo dragon

Image credit: © San Diego Zoo Global. All rights reserved.

TaxonomyPhysical Characteristics

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia - reptiles

Order: Squamata - amphibians, lizards, snakes

Family: Varanidae - monitors, monitor lizards

Genus: Varanus

Species: Varanus komodoensis - Komodo dragon

Body Weight
Male: up to 90 kg (198 lb)
Female: up to 70 kg (154 kg)

Body Length
Male: 3 m (10 ft)
Female: 2 m (6.6 ft)

Coloration
Gray or clay colored skin as adults. Brighter, speckled skin when younger. Distinctive light yellow tongue.

Distribution & StatusBehavior & Ecology

Range
Five islands in Indonesia, including Komodo

Habitat
Flat savanna, rocky valleys, beaches

IUCN Status
Vulnerable

CITES Appendix
Appendix I

Other Designations
Protected under Indonesian Law

Population in Wild
Less than 5,000; possibly as few as 3,000

Locomotion
Body, head, and tail undulate from side-to-side when walking. Hold tail and body rigid when running. Good swimmers, like other monitor lizards. Climb trees as youngsters.

Activity Cycle
Primarily diurnal. Activity peaks during mid-morning and mid-afternoon. Spend most time thermoregulating and sleeping.

Social Groups
Solitary. Interact with one another only during breeding or at feeding/carcass sites.

Diet
Wide carnivorous diet. Feed on carrion and hunt animals along game trails.

Predators
Humans

Reproduction & DevelopmentSpecies Highlights

Sexual Maturity
5-7 years of age

Incubation
2.5-8 months

Clutch Size
1-30 eggs (18 is average)

Hatching Weight
80 g (2.8 oz)

Longevity
About 30 years

Feature Facts

  • The world's largest living lizard
  • One of the few venemous lizards
  • Chain mail-like skin, covered with protected scales
  • Young Komodo dragons live in trees; eat insects
  • Very small home ranges
  • Able to eat a lot of food very quickly!
  • Sharp, curved claws for digging
  • Hissing produce to defend food and by females during mating
  • Habitat loss poses the greatest conservation threat
  • The San Diego Zoo received its first Komodo dragons in 1968
 

About This Fact Sheet

© 1998 San Diego Zoo Global.

How to cite: Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) Fact Sheet, 1998. c1998. San Diego (CA): San Diego Zoo Global; [accessed YYYY Mmm dd]. http://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/komododragon
(note: replace YYYY Mmm dd with date accessed, e.g., 2015 Sep 10)

Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings. Questions and comments may be addressed to library@sandiegozoo.org.

SDZG Library Links

Our Mission. The Library is dedicated to supporting San Diego Zoo Global’s mission by providing outstanding
information resources and research services to advance knowledge and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save
species worldwide. Our Vision. We will empower San Diego Zoo Global to lead the fight against extinction by serving as
the organization’s information hub and facilitating research of the highest quality.


© 2016 San Diego Zoo Global — All Rights Reserved

Our Family of Sites

  • Zoo logoSan Diego Zoo
  • Park logoSan Diego Zoo Safari Park
  • ICR logoSan Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research
  • SDZ Global logoSan Diego Zoo Global
Description

Loading  Loading...

Tip