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- Approximately 5,700 individuals (all islands combined) (Claudino-Sales 2019)
- Komodo National Park (Purwandana et al. 2014; data from 2011-2012)
- Total national park abundance: about 2,450 individuals
- Komodo Island: about 1160 individuals
- Rinca Island: about 1185 individuals
- Motang island: about 45 individuals
- Kode Island: about 55 individuals
- No recent estimates (though population monitoring conducted by Ariefiandy et al. 2015)
- 100 on W. Flores (Wae Waul Reserve) (IUCN 1998)
- 2000 scattered in non-protected areas (IUCN 1998)
- IUCN Status
- Vulnerable (1996 assessment) (World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996)
- Not Endangered, but facing a high rate of extinction in the medium-term future
- Appendix I: komodo dragon is threatened with extinction and affected by international trade.
- Protected under Indonesian law (1931,1990) and 1991 Ministerial Decree
Threats to Survival
- Main threat is human interference - habitat destruction due to logging, increased population
- Wild dogs
- Forest fires started by poachers to drive prey
- Dynamite and cyanide poisoning used to collect fish for food has disturbed population
- Poaching of deer on Padar led to Komodo's disappearance from this island
- Because the wild population is geographically restricted it is sensitive to fluctuations in environmental conditions, disease epidemics, genetic drift, and inbreeding
- Small closed populations are predicted to have low levels of genetic variability and increased disease susceptibility.
- Deposition of volcanic ash can destroy vegetation and alter habitat.
- Flores populations have declined markedly in the past few years because of logging concessions
- No Komodos observed on Padar since 1970
- Komodo National Park established in 1980: First management unit - 1984.
- 173,300 hectares on 3 major islands - Komodo, Rinca and Gilli Motang
- Funded from central government office in Jakarta
- Management team is called " Perlindungan Hutan Dan Pelestarian Alam" or PHPA and is based at Labuan Bajo on the west coast of Fores. Staff of 90 (54 rangers)
- Park Administration has initiated a conservation awareness program for young people in the region - some training of tour guides - participation in annual census.
- Future plans: Extend KNP boundaries to two further islands; restrict population growth of island villages (two on Rinca and one on Komodo)
Hudson et al. (1994)