Skip to Main Content
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance logo
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library logo

American Bison (Bison bison) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

American Bison (Bison bison)


Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. 2018. Girdwood (AK): Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. [accessed 2018 June 19].

Aune K, Jørgensen D, Gates C. 2017. American bison: Bison bison. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018.2; e.T2815A123789863 [species assessed 2016 Sep 01; page accessed 2018 Nov 20]. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T2815A45156541.en.

Berger, J. 1992. Facilitation of Reproductive Synchrony by Gestation Adjustment in Gregarious Mammals: A New Hypothesis. Ecology, 73(1):323-329.

Buntjer, J. M. Otsen, I Nijman, M. Kuiper, J. Lenstra 2002. Phlogeny of bovine species based on AFLP fingerprinting. Heredity, 88:46-51

Dragon, D., B. Elkin, J. Nishi, T. Ellsworth 1999. A review of anthrax in Canada and implications for research on the disease in northern bison. Journal of Applied microbiology, International Conference on Anthrax No. 3, Plymouth; Vol. 87(2):208-213

Buchholtz, C. and H. Sambraus 1990. Bison (Genus Bison). Grzimeck's Encycloepdia of Mammals. Vol. 5 McGraw-Hill. pp. 397-409.

Guthrie, R. D. 1970. Bison evolution and zoogeography in North America during the Pleistocene. Quarterly Review of Biology 45:1-15

———— 1990. Frozen Fauna of the Mammoth Steppe. The Story of Blue Babe. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Halbert, N. and J. Derr 2007. A comprehensive evaluation of cattle introgression into US federal bison herds. Journal of Heredity 98:1-12.

Hawley, A., D. Peden, H. Reynolds, W. Stricklin 1981. Bison and cattle digestion of forages from the Slave River Lowlands, Northwest Territories, Canada. Journal of Range Management 34:126-130.

Heddleston, K. L. and G. Wessman 1973. Vaccination of american bison against Pasteurella multicuda serotype 2 infection (hemorrhagic septicemia). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 9(4):306-310.

Jefferson, G., 2001. Rancho la Brea Bison. In: J. Harris (ed), Rancho La Brea: Death Trap and Treasure Trove. Terra 30(2): 33. Los Angeles Natural History Museum Foundation. p. 33.

Joly, D. 2004. Factors affecting apparent prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis in Wood Bison. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73(4): 623-631.

Komers, P. F. Messier, P. Flood, C. Gates 1994. Reproductive behavior of male Wood Bison in relation to progesterone level in females. Journal of Mammalogy, 75(3):757-765.

Lott, D. 1974. Sexual and aggressive behavior of American bison Bison bison. In V. Geist and F. Walther (Eds) The behavior of ungulates and its relation to management. IUCN Publication 24. Morges, Switzerland.

———, 2002. American Bison: A Natural History. University of California Press.

Meagher, M. 1973. The bison of Yellowstone National Park. National Park Service Science Monographs 1:1-161.

——— 1986. Bison bison. Mammalian Species, 266:1-8.

McDonald, J., 1981. North American Bison, Their classification and Evolution. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London. 316 pp.

McHugh, T. 1958. Social behavior of the American buffalo (Bison bison bison). Zoologica, 43:1-40.

McMillan, B. M. Cottam, D. Kaufman 2000. Wallowing behevior of American Bison (Bos bison) in tallgrass prairie: an examination of alternate explanations. American Midland Naturalist, 144(1): 159-167.

Mooring, M., M. Patton, V. Lance, B. Hall, E. Schaad, G. Fetter, S. Fortin, K. McPeak 2006. Glucocorticoids of Bison bulls in relation to social status. Hormones and Behavior, 49(3):369-375.

Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. pp. 1161-1163.

Peden, D. G. Van Dyne, R. Rice, R. Hansen 1974. The trophic ecology of Bison bison L. on shortgrasss plains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 11:(2)489-497.

Powell, A. Effects of prescribed burns and bison (Bos bison) grazing on breeding bird abundances in tallgrass prairie. The Auk, 123(1):183-197.

Prusak, B., G. Grzybowski, G. Zieba, 2004. Taxonomic position of Bison bison (Linnaeus 1758) and Bison bonasus (Linnaeus 1758) as determined by means of cytb gene sequence. Animal Science Papers and Reports. 22(1): 27-35.

Roden, C. H. Vervaacke, L. Van Elsacker, 2004. Dominance, age and weight in American bison males (Bison bison) during non-rut in semi-natural conditions. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 92(1-2):169-177.

Rogers LR, Ranglack DH, Plumb G. 2022. Bison bison (Green Status assessment). The IUCN red list of threatened species. Version 2023.1; e.T2815A281520221. [species assessed 2022 Jul 21; page accessed 2024 Mar 22].

Rutberg, A., Lactation and fetal sex ratios in American Bison. American Naturalist, 127(1):89-94.

Taylor, S.K., A.C. Ward, D.L. Hunter, K. Gunther, L. Kortge, Isolation of Pasteurella spp. from free-ranging American bison (Bison bison), Journal of Wildlife Diseases 32(2): 322-325.

Towne, C. 1976. The bison has survived. ZooNooz, Jan. 1976. pp. 4-5.

UNEP. 2019. Species+: Bison bison. [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 Aug 27].

Van Vuren, D. 1983. Group dynamics and summer home range of bison in southern Utah. Journal of Mammalogy, 64:329-332.

Weigl, R. 2005. Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48. Stuttgart, Germany. pp. 145-146.

Weiss, R., C. Sarver, J. Thilsted, B. Wolfe 2008. Clinical Parelaphostrongylus tenuis infection in two captive American bison (Bison bison),. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 233(7):1127- 1130.

Additional Internet Resources

SDZWA Library Links