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Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources


Albignac R. 1969. Naissance et elevage en captivite de jeunes Cryptoprocta ferox, verrides Malgaches. Mammalia. 33:93-97.

Albignac R. 1970. Notes ethologiques sur quelques carnivores Malagaches: le Cryptoprocta ferox (Bennett). Terr et Vie. 24:395-402.

Albignac R. 1973. Mammiferes carnivores. Paris: O.R.S.T.O.M.

Albignac R. 1984. The carnivores. In: Jolly A, Oberle P, Albignac R, editors. Key Environments Madagascar. p. 167-181.

Bennett E. 1835. Notice of a mammiferous animal from Madagascar, constituting a new form among the Viveridous Carnivora. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London. 1:137-140 + p. 121.

Dollar L, Ganzhorn JU, Goodman SM. 2007. Primates and other prey in the seasonally variable diet of Cryptoprocta ferox in the dry deciduous forest of western Madagascar. Primate Anti-Predator Strategies. 63-76.

Ewer R. 1973. The Carnivores. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press. p. 494.

Farris, ZJ et al. 2015. When carnivores roam: temporal patterns and overlap among Madagascar's native and exotic carnivores. Journal of Zoology. 296(1): 45-57.

Gerber BD, Karpanty SM, Randrianantenaina J. 2012. Activity patterns of carnivores in the rain forests of Madagascar: implications for species coexistence. Journal of Mammalogy. 93(3):667-676.

Gerber BD, Karpanty SM, Randrianantenaina J. 2012. The impact of forest logging and fragmentation on carnivore species composition, density and occupancy in Madagascar's rainforests. Oryx. 46(3):414-422.

Golden, CD, Comaroff J. 2015. Effects of social change on wildlife consumption taboos in northeastern Madagascar. Ecology and Society 20(2): 41.

Golden CD. 2009. Bushmeat hunting and use in the Makira Forest north-eastern Madagascar: a conservation and livelihoods issue. Oryx. 43(3):386-392. DOI: 10.1017/s0030605309000131

Goodman S. 2009. Family Eupleridae (Madagascar carnivores). In: Wilson DE, Mittermeier R, editors. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Barcelone (ES): Lynx Edicions. p. 330-351.

Goodman S, Ganzhorn J, Rakotondravony D. 2003. Mammals: introduction to the mammals. In: Goodman S, Benstead J, editors. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press. p. 1159-1186.

Goodman SM, Langrand O, Rasolonandrasana BPN. 1997. The food habits of Cryptoprocta ferox in the high mountain zone of the Andringitra Massif, Madagascar (Carnivora, Viverridae). Mammalia. 61(2):185-192.

Hawkins C. 1998. The behaviour and ecology of the fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox (Carnivora: Viverridae) in a dry deciduous forest in western Madagascar. Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen.

Hawkins C. 2003. Cryptoprocta ferox, Fossa, Fosa. In: Goodman S, Benstead J, editors. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago (IL): The University of Chicago Press. p. 1361-1363.

Hawkins C, Racey P. 2005. Low population density of a tropical forest carnivore, Cryptoprocta ferox: implications for protected area management. Oryx. 39(1):35-43.

Hawkins CE, Racey PA. 2008. Food habits of an endangered carnivore, Cryptoprocta ferox, in the dry deciduous forests of western Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy. 89(1):64-74.

Hawkins CE, Racey PA. 2009. A novel mating system in a solitary carnivore: the fossa. Journal of Zoology. 277(3):196-204.

Hawkins F. 2016. Cryptoprocta ferox. The IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Version 2018.1; e.T5760A45197189 [species assessed 2015 Feb 21; page accessed 2018 Sep 18].

Hornsey T. 1999. Breeding the fossa at Suffolk Wildlife Park. International Zoo News. 46(7):407-417.

Irwin MT, Raharison JL, Wright PC. 2009. Spatial and temporal variability in predation on rainforest primates: do forest fragmentation and predation act synergistically? Animal Conservation. 12(3):220-230.

Jenkins RKB et al. 2011. Analysis of Patterns of Bushmeat Consumption Reveals Extensive Exploitation of Protected Species in Eastern Madagascar. PLoS One. 6(12): e27570.

Jones JPG, Andriamarovololona MH, Hockley N. 2008. The importance of taboos and social norms to conservation in Madagascar. Conservation Biology. 22(4):976-986.

Kerridge FJ, Ralisoamalala RC, Goodman SM, Pasnick SD. 2003. Cryptoprocta ferox, Fossa. In: Goodman S, Benstead J, editors. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press. p. 1360-1363.

Köhncke M, Leonhardt K. 1986. Cryptoprocta ferox. Mammalian Species.(254):1–5. doi:10.2307/3503919.

Koepfli KP, Jenks SM, Eizirik E, Zahirpour T, Van Valkenburgh B, Wayne RK. 2006. Molecular systematics of the Hyaenidae: Relationships of a relictual lineage resolved by a molecular supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 38(3):603-620.

Krebs M. 2011. North American regional fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) studbook. Omaha (NE): Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo.

Krebs M, Bryan C. 2012. Population analysis and breeding and transfer plan fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) AZA Species Survival Plan Yellow Program. Omaha (NE): Omaha Zoo. p. 20.

Laborde C. 1986. Description of arboreal locomotion of Cryptoprocta ferox (Malagasy viverrid carnivore). Mammalia. 50(3):369-378.

Lührs ML, Dammhahn M. 2010. An unusual case of cooperative hunting in a solitary carnivore. Journal of Ethology. 28(2):379-383.

Lührs ML, Dammhahn M, Kappeler P. 2013. Strength in numbers: males in a carnivore grow bigger when they associate and hunt cooperatively. Behavioral Ecology. 24(1):21-28.

Lührs ML, Kappeler PM. 2013. Simultaneous GPS tracking reveals male associations in a solitary carnivore. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 67(11):1731-1743.

Lührs ML, Kappeler PM. 2014. Polyandrous mating in treetops: how male competition and female choice interact to determine an unusual carnivore mating system. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 68(6):879-889.

Reiter J, Winkler A. 2013. Husbandry Guidelines for the Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox). European Association of Zoos and Aquaria.16 p.

Richardson J. 1885. A new Malagasy-English dictionary. Antananarivo (MG): The London Missionary Society. 832 p.

TAG ASC. 2011. Mongoose, meerkat, and fossa (Herpestidae/Eupleridae) care manual. Silver Spring (MD): Association of Zoos and Aquariums. 103 p.

UNEP. 2018. Species+: Cryptoprocta ferox [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2018 Sep 18].

Veron G, Catzeflis FM. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships of the endemic Malagasy carnivore Cryptoprocta ferox (Aeluroideae): DNA/DNA hybridization experiments. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 1(3):169–185.

Vogler BR et al. 2009. Gonadal Activity in Male and Female Captive Fossas (Cryptoprocta ferox) During the Mating Season. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 44: 98-102.

Wright PC, Heckscher SK, Dunham AE. 1997. Predation on Milne-Edward's sifaka (Propithecus diadema edwardsi) by the fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) in the rain forest of southeastern Madagascar. Folia Primatologica. 68(1):34-43.

Yoder A, Flynn J. 2003. Origin of Malagasy Carnivora. In: Goodman S, Benstead J, editors. The Natural History of Madagascar. Chicago (IL): University of Chicago Press. p. 1253-1256.

Yoder A et al. 2003. Single origin of Malagasy carnivora from an African ancestor. Nature 421(6924): 734-737.

ZIMS (Zoological Information Management System). 2018. [accessed 2018 Sep 25] .

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