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- Sub-Saharan Africa
- Native to Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republics of Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
- Locally extinct in Algeria, Egypt, Mauritania, Liberia
- Latest records for Nile Delta and Egypt - early 1800's
- Mainly in Liberia
- Only overlaps with Common Hippos in upper reaches of rivers in Ivory Coast
- Most abundant in estuaries and lower sections of rivers
- In recent times, have been found in reservoirs.
- Absent in rainforests, except near large rivers
- Frequently wander from water in rainy season.
- Water habitat must be deep enough for submersion with nearby grassland for foraging.
- Can survive in muddy wallows, but must have permanent access to water in dry season because of complex skin physiology. (Will crack if exposed to air for long periods
- Ecologically similar to tapirs
Distribution of the Common Hippo
Distribution of the Pygmy Hippo
The pygmy hippo is endemic to the Upper Guinea Forest of West Africa.
Today, it occurs in only four countries, though it was once more widespread.
Adapted from www.d-maps.com according to IUCN fact sheet. Click here or on map for detailed distribution (IUCN).
Lewison & Oliver (2008)
SDZWA Library Links
Fact Sheet Index
Fact sheet index, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library
Home page, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library
Email the librarians at firstname.lastname@example.org