Skip to Main Content
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance logo
San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library logo

Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) Fact Sheet: Bibliography & Resources

Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae)


AZA. 2023. Species Survival Statistics [data table report]. Chicago (IL): Lincoln Park Zoo/AZA Population Management Center; [accessed 2023 Apr 18].

Baker MC. 2004. The chorus song of cooperatively breeding laughing kookaburras (Coraciiformes, Halcyonidae: Dacelo novaeguineae): characterization and comparison among groups. Ethology 110(1):21-35.

Becker JJ. 1986. A fossil motmot (Aves: Momotidae) from the Late Miocene of Florida. The Condor 88:478-482. Retrieved from:

BirdLife International. (2009). Dacelo novaeguineae. Retrieved from:

BirdLife International. 2016. Dacelo novaeguineae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22683189A92977835; accessed 2017 Jan 24.

Blakers M, Davies SJF, Reilly PN. 1984. Atlas of Australian birds. Carlton, Victoria, Australia: University Press.

Boles WE. 1997. A kingfisher (Halcyonidae) from the Miocene of Riversleigh, northwestern Queensland, with comments on the evolution of kingfishers in Australo-Papua. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41, 229–234.

Buttemer WA, Nicol SC, Sharman A. 2003. Thermoenergetics of pre-moulting and moulting kookaburras (Dacelo novaeguineae): they're laughing. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology 173(3):223-230.

Cooper CE, Kortner G, Brigham M, Geiser F. 2008. Body temperature and activity patterns of free-living laughing kookaburras: the largest kingfisher is heterothermic. The Condor. DOI:10.1525/cond.2008.110.1.110.

Eastman W. 1970. The life of the kookaburra and other kingfishers. Sydney, Australia: Angus & Robertson. 64 pp.

Emlen ST, Wrenge P. 1991. Breeding biology of white-fronted bee-eaters at Nakuru: the influence of helpers on breeder fitness. Journal of Animal Ecology 60:309-326.

Fletcher J. 1907. Great brown kingfisher (Dacelo gigas) in Tasmania. Emu 7:119.

Ford HA. 1985. A synthesis of the foraging ecology and behaviour of birds in eucalypt forests and woodlands. In: Keast A, Recher HF, Ford H, Saunders D. (Eds.). Birds of eucalypt forests and woodlands. New South Wales, Australia: Surrey Beatty and Sons. pp. 249-254.

Foreshaw JM, Cooper WT. 1983. Kingfishers and related birds. Alcedinidae: Ceryle to Cittura. Melbourne: Lansdowne Editions.

Fry CH, Fry K, Harris A. 1992. Kingfishers, bee-eaters & rollers. London, UK:Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd.

Geiser F, Körtner G, Maddocks TA, Brigham MR. 2006. Torpor in Australian birds. Proceedings of the 23rd International Ornithological Congress, Acta Zoologica Sinica. 52S:405-408.

Giles J. 1994. Caring for kookaburras. Bird Care & Conservation Society South Australia Inc. 4 pp. Retrieved May 2012 from:

Gill F, Donsker D, editors. 2019. IOC world bird list, master list [ver. 9.1]; [updated 20 Jan 2019; accessed 19 Mar 2019]. doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.9.1.

Higgins PJ. (Ed.) 1999. Laughing kookaburra. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. pp. 1122-1139.

Hobbs JN. 1966. Whistling kite taking a kookaburra. Emu 66(1):46.

ITIS 2011. Dacelo novaeguineae (Hermann, 1783). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 7 May 2012

Integrated Taxonomic Information System database (ITIS) [Internet]. [accessed 2017 Jan 24]. Dacelo novaeguineae.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011. Dacelo novaeguinae. Retrieved 15 February 2012 from: http://www.

Keast A. 1985. Bird community structure in southern forests and northern woodlands: a comparison. In: Keast A, Recher HF, Ford H, Saunders D. (Eds.). Birds of eucalypt forests and woodlands. New South Wales, Australia: Surrey Beatty and Sons, Ltd. pp. 97-128.

Legge S. 2000a. The effect of helpers on reproductive success in the laughing kookaburra. Journal of Animal Ecology 69:714-724.

Legge S. 2000b. Helper contributions in the laughing kookaburra: feeding young is no laughing matter. Animal Behaviour 59:1009-1018. DOI:10.1006/anbe.2000.1382.

Legge S. 2000c. Siblicide in the cooperatively breeding laughing kookaburra. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 48:293-302.

Legge S. 2004. Kookaburra: King of the bush. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. 117 pp.

Legge S, Cockburn A. 2000. Social and mating system of cooperatively breeding laughing kookaburras (Dacelo novaeguineae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47:220-29.

Mayr G. 2005. The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe. Biological Review 80:515-542. doi:10.1017/s1464793105006779.

Moloney D, Wormington K, DeStefano S. 2002. Stag retention and use by arboreal marsupials in eucalypt forests of southeast Queensland, Australia: implications for management. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-181. Retrieved from:

Moroney MK, Pettigrew JD. 1987. Some observations on the visual optics of kingfishers (Aves, Coraciiformes, Alcedinidae). Journal of Comparative Physiology 160:137-149.

Mourer-Chauvire C. 1995. Dynamics of the avifauna during the Paleogene and the early Neogene of France. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 38:325-342.

Moyle RG. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of kingfishers (Alcedinidae) with insights into early biogeographic history. The Auk 123(2):487-499.

Myers MS. 1996. Laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguinae). North American regional studbook. Audubon Park & Zoological Gardens: New Orleans, Louisiana. pp. 1-47.

Olson SL. 1976. Oligocene fossils bearing on the origins of the Todidae and Momotidae (Aves: Coraciiformes). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27:111-119.

Parry V. 1968. Sociality, territoriality and breeding biology of the kookaburra, Dacelo gigas (Boddaert). Clayton, Victoria, Australia: Monash University.

Parry VA. 1970. Kookaburras. New York: Taplinger Publishing Company. 110 pp.

Parry VA. 1973. The auxiliary social system and its effect on territory and breeding in kookaburras. Emu 73:81-100.

Ralph CJ, Ralph CP. 1973. A note on Dacelo gigas. Victorian Naturalist 90:132.

Reed AW. 1998. Aboriginal fables and legendary tales. Sydney, Australia: Reed New Holland Publishers. 144 pp.

Robinson RA. 2005. Bird Facts: profiles of birds occurring in Britain & Ireland (BTO Research Report 407). Retrieved 15 February 2012 from:

Schodde R, Tideman SC. 1997. Reader's Digest complete book of Australian birds. Sydney: Readers Digest. pp. 318-319.

Sibley CG, Ahlquist JE. 1990. Phylogeny and classification of birds: a study in molecular evolution. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Smith B. 31 Mar 2011. Kookaburra gets the last laugh. Sydney, Australia: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 May 2012 from

Smith JL. 1976. Hand-rearing: the breeding and hand-rearing of kookaburras at the Fort Worth Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 16(1):185-187.

Troup C. 2009. Introduced land birds: kookaburras. Te Ara, the encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 23 February 2012 from:

UNEP. 2019. Species+ [online database]. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP [compiled by UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK]. [accessed 2019 Oct 08].

Wexler P. 2012. The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) and their hand rearing at BirdWorld. Retrieved 17 May 2012 from:

Woodall PF. 2001. Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers), Order Coraciiformes. In: Del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J. (Eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 6. Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions. pp. 130-203.

Woodall PF. 2019. Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae). In: del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Sargatal J., Christie DA, de Juana E (eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world alive [Internet]. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions; [accessed 2019 Apr 10].

Zanette L, Jenkins B. 2000. Nesting success and nest predators in forest fragments: a study using real and artificial nests. The Auk 1777(2):445-454.

Additional Internet Resources

SDZWA Library Links